Results 21 entries found

Saturday, March 4, 1837.+-

Vandalia, IL.

Lincoln and Senator Browning are tellers of election which results in choice of Thomas Ford as judge of circuit which includes Chicago. E. C. Berry is elected president of Bank of Vandalia. Lincoln is one of 51 signers of $50,000 bond of Charles Oakley as fund commissioner appointed under internal improvement act.House Journal; Photocopy; Bond for Charles Oakley as Fund Commissioner, 4 March 1837, CW, 1:76.

Monday, March 4, 1839.+-

Springfield, IL.

Stuart & Lincoln have four cases in Sangamon Circuit Court. Steele confesses judgment for $186.03 in Vaughn v. Steele & Smith. Iles v. Hobbs, and Keeland v. Bragg & Ware are dismissed at plaintiff's cost. VanBergen v. H. M. Armstrong & Co., suit to collect debt of $300, is dismissed at defendant's cost. They appear for plaintiff.Record.

Wednesday, March 4, 1840.+-

Springfield, IL.

Lincoln gets judgment for Elijah Iles by default for $431.92 in Iles v. White. In Hay v. Lasswell, defendant confesses judgment for $2.50. Stuart & Lincoln are for plaintiff, Nathaniel Hay. They lose appeal case when court awards plaintiff $18.22 in Newton v. Hailey.Record.

Thursday, March 4, 1841.+-

Springfield, IL.

Lincoln does preliminary paper work on three Sangamon Circuit Court cases (as on March 3, 1841): Chamberlin v. Allen & Stone; Maxwell v. Allen & Stone; Stafford v. Whitney & Whitney.Herndon-Weik Collection, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Friday, March 4, 1842.+-

Springfield, IL.

In the bankruptcy case In re Dishon, Logan & Lincoln file in U.S. District Court a petition in bankruptcy, property inventory, and creditors list of Henry Dishon of Union County. Record.

Logan & Lincoln, representing William Rankin of Logan County, the petitioner in the bankruptcy case In re Rankin, appear before the U.S. District Court today for a hearing.Register, 18 February 1842.

Lincoln files a declaration in C. Goodell & Co. v. John Duff & Co., a case in the Sangamon County Circuit Court.Herndon-Weik Collection, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Saturday, March 4, 1843.+-

Springfield, IL.

Lincoln, Logan, and Bledsoe, committee appointed March 1, 1843, issue address to people. Resolutions are elaborated; Whig success they say will come only if all vote unitedly.Campaign Circular from Whig Committee, 4 March 1843, CW, 1:309-18.

Supreme Court takes under advisement Dorman et ux. v. Lane and Frisby et al. v. Ballance et al. (On January 2, 1844, judgment is reversed in latter case.Record; 7 Ill. 141.)

Monday, March 4, 1844.+-

Springfield, IL.

Lincoln signs "Logan & Lincoln for plff." on receipt for $131.63, execution of judgment in Walker v. Lockridge, to Sheriff William F. Elkin.Photocopy.

Saturday, March 4, 1848.+-

Washington, DC.

Lincoln writes to Ignatius R. Simms, Jacksonville hotel keeper, enclosing documents for Simms' son, whose first name Lincoln cannot remember. Abraham Lincoln to Ignatius R. Simms, 4 March 1848, CW, 1:455.

Sunday, March 4, 1849.+-

Washington, DC.

During night House amends Senate amendment providing territorial government for New Mexico and California to declare that laws of Mexico remain in effect. Among them is law prohibiting slavery. Polk is ready with veto message. About 6 A.M. appropriations bill with both Walker and House amendments eliminated is presented to Polk. He approves it and crisis is deferred. James K. Polk, The Diary of James K. Polk during his Presidency, 1845 to 1849, Now First Printed from the Original Manuscript in the Collections of the Chicago Historical Society, 4 vols., edited and annotated by Milo Milton Quaife (Chicago: McClurg, 1910).

Monday, March 4, 1850.+-

Springfield, IL.

Lincoln writes and signs for his client Robert S. Plunkett an answer to a cross bill in Plunkett v. Plunkett. Herndon-Weik Collection, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Saturday, March 4, 1854.+-

Springfield, IL.

Lincoln argues two cases in Supreme Court: Sullivan v. People, and Stewardson v. Stewardson. In both cases he represents plaintiffs in error. In first he defends right of tavern keeper to sell liquor without license, and in second he contests decree of divorce. He is unsuccessful in both cases. Record; 15 Ill. 145, 223.

[U.S. Senate passes Kansas-Nebraska bill.]

Tuesday, March 4, 1856.+-

Springfield, IL.

Lincoln appears in U.S. Circuit Court again in connection with railroad finances. This time Herndon files declaration of Bacon, plaintiff. Lincoln enters appearance of Ohio & Mississippi Railroad Co., defendant, and files their note and power of attorney to confess judgment. He then confesses indebtedness of $312,133.35 with interest of $256.54. Record.

Wednesday, March 4, 1857.+-

En route to Springfield, IL.

Lincoln is recognized on train by Alfred Hyde, convict being taken to Alton penitentiary, who asks about obtaining pardon. Lincoln is impressed by Hyde's "gentlemanly appearance" and his claim of friendship with Senator Daniel S. Dickinson of New York. Hyde to Lincoln, 25 March 1857, 1858, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Abraham Lincoln to Daniel S. Dickinson, 3 August 1858, CW, 2:535.

Thursday, March 4, 1858.+-

Clinton, IL.

On Lincoln's motion, sheriff's return in Allen v. Illinois Central is quashed. Record.

Friday, March 4, 1859.+-

Springfield, IL.

Lincoln writes Delahay again in regard to visit to Kansas. "It will push me hard to get there without injury to my own business; but I shall try to do it, though I am not yet quite certain I shall succeed." Abraham Lincoln to Mark W. Delahay, 4 March 1859, CW, 3:371-72.

He deposits $250. Marine Bank Ledger.

Sunday, March 4, 1860.+-

Exeter, NH.

Lincoln spends day with Robert and his classmates. He attends Phillips church. Percy C. Eggleston, Lincoln in New England (New York: Steward, Warren & Co., 1922), 8; Bulletin of Phillips Exeter Academy, XII, No. 3, 9.

He writes Mrs. Lincoln: "I have been unable to escape this toil. If I had foreseen it, I think I would not have come east at all. The speech at New York, being within my calculation before I started, went off passably well and gave me no trouble whatever." He acknowledges $200 check from James A. Briggs of New York, and outlines his tour, past and future, since leaving New York. Abraham Lincoln to Mary Todd Lincoln, [4 March 1860], CW, 3:555; Abraham Lincoln to James A. Briggs, [4 March 1860], CW, 3:554.

Monday, March 4, 1861.+-

Washington, DC.

Morning cloudy and raw; 30,000 gather to hear Inaugural Address; no disturbance occurs during day. Villard, Eve of '61, 102-5.

Lincoln sends letter to Senator Seward (N.Y.) asking him to remain in cabinet and to reply by 9 A.M. next day. Clarence E. Macartney, Lincoln and His Cabinet (New York: Scribner, 1931), 127; Abraham Lincoln to William H. Seward, 4 March 1861, CW, 4:273.

Henry Waterson, newspaper representative at Willard's to see W. H. Lamon, is personally conducted by Lincoln. Rufus R. Wilson, ed., Lincoln Among His Friends: A Sheaf of Intimate Memories (Caldwell, ID: Caxton Printers, 1942), 285-87.

President-elect receives Judge Davis, Edward Bates, Gideon Welles, and others. Gives final touches to Inaugural Address. Allan Nevins, The Emergence of Lincoln, 2 vols. (New York: Scribner, 1950), 2:457-58.

Shortly after 12 M. President Buchanan and Lincoln emerge from 14th Street door of hotel and join Senators James A. Pearce (Md.) and Edward D. Baker (Oreg.) of Arrangements Committee. In open carriage they ride in procession to Capitol. Evening Star (Washington, DC), 4 March 1861, 3:1-3.

Files of soldiers line streets; riflemen on rooftops watch windows; artillery is posted near Capitol, which Lincoln enters through boarded tunnel. Benjamin P. Thomas, Abraham Lincoln: A Biography (New York: Knopf, 1952), 245.

Senate is called to order, and oath of office administered to Hannibal Hamlin by Vice President Breckinridge. Buchanan and Lincoln occupy seats in front of secretary's desk. Baltimore Sun, 5 March 1861.

On portico of Capitol about 1 P.M. Baker introduces Lincoln. Weather is bright and clear. Baltimore Sun, 15 March 1861; Nicolay to Bates, 5 March 1861, John G. Nicolay Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

On rising to deliver Inaugural Address Lincoln "could hardly find room for his hat, and Senator Douglas reaching forward, took it with a smile and held it during the delivery of the Address." The Diary of a Public Man: An Intimate View of the National Administration, December 28, 1860, to March 15, 1861, with prefatory notes by F. Lauriston Bullard (Chicago: Abraham Lincoln Bookshop, 1945); George S. Bryan, The Great American Myth (New York: Carrick & Evans, 1940), 54.

[The authenticity of this incident has long been in doubt. See Randall, Lincoln, 1:295.]

Lincoln adjusts glasses, unfolds manuscript, and reads: "Apprehension seems to exist among the people of the Southern States, that by the accession of a Republican Administration, their property, and their peace, and personal security, are to be endangered. There has never been any reasonable cause for such apprehension. . . . I take the official oath to-day, with no mental reservations, and with no purpose to construe the Constitution or laws, by any hypercritical rules. . . . I hold, that in contemplation of universal law, and of the Constitution, the Union of these States is perpetual. . . . It follows from these views that no State, upon its own mere motion, can lawfully get out of the Union,—that resolves and ordnances to that effect are legally void; . . . I therefore consider that in view of the Constitution and the laws, the Union is unbroken; and, to the extent of my ability, I shall take care, . . . that the laws of the Union be faithfully executed in all the States. . . . In doing this there needs to be no bloodshed or violence; and there shall be none unless it be forced upon the national authority. . . . One section of our country believes slavery is right, and ought to be extended, while the other believes it is wrong, and ought not to be extended. This is the only substantial dispute. . . . The Chief Magistrate derives all his authority from the people, and they have conferred none upon him to fix terms for the separation of the States. . . . By the frame of the government under which we live, this same people have wisely given their public servants but little power for mischief; . . . While the people retain their virtue, and vigilence [sic], no administration, by any extreme of wickedness or folly, can very seriously injure the government, in the short space of four years. . . . If it were admitted that you who are dissatisfied, hold the right side in the dispute, there still is no single good reason for precipitate action. . . . In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. . . . We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, streching [sic] from every battelefield, and patriot grave, to every living heart and hearthstone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature." He finishes in half an hour. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney administers oath of office. Marine band plays "God Save Our President," and procession to White House begins. Evening Star (Washington, DC), 4 March 1861, 3:4-6; National Intelligencer, 5 March 1861; Monaghan, Diplomat, 38; First Inaugural Address—Final Text, 4 March 1861, CW, 4:262-71.

Lincoln and Buchanan exchange farewells at Executive Mansion. Baltimore Sun, 5 March 1861.

President's first official act is to sign John G. Nicolay's appointment as private secretary. Nicolay to Bates, 5 March 1861, John G. Nicolay Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

About 17 persons sit down with President to first dinner in White House. Ruth P. Randall, Mary Lincoln: Biography of a Marriage (Boston: Little, Brown, 1953), 186.

Lincoln interrupts dinner and speaks to delegation of nearly 1,000 New Yorkers. Baltimore Sun, 6 March 1861; Reply to a New York Delegation, 4 March 1861, CW, 4:272.

Presidential party arrives at Inaugural Ball at 11 P.M. Sen. Henry B. Anthony (R.I.) and Vice President Hamlin attend President, who leads Grand March arm in arm with Mayor Berret (Washington). Douglas escorts Mrs. Lincoln and dances quadrille with her. President returns to White House at 1 A.M.; Mrs. Lincoln remains at ball. Evening Star (Washington, DC), 5 March 1861, 3:2; Baltimore Sun, 6 March 1861; Margaret Leech, Reveille in Washington 1860-1865 (New York: Harper, 1941), 46.

Later recalls: "The first thing that was handed to me after I entered this room, when I came from the inauguration was the letter from Major Anderson saying that their provisions would be exhausted before an expedition could be sent to their relief." Memorandum, 3 July 1861, John G. Nicolay Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Tuesday, March 4, 1862.+-

Washington, DC.

President and Gen. Hunter appear before Committee on Conduct of War regarding Kansas affairs. Philadelphia News, 5 March 1862.

Receives Federico L. Barreda, new minister from Peru. National Intelligencer, 4 March 1862.

Asst. Sec. Fox notifies President that USS Monitor is on way to Hampton Roads. Bruce, Tools of War, 172.

In evening Sen. Browning (Ill.) accompanies wife and daughter of Col. John Symington of Pittsburgh to see President. Browning, Diary.

Lincoln writes endorsement: "Edward Burke, the bearer of this, was at service in this Mansion for several months now last past; and during all the time he appeared to me to be a competent, faithful, and very genteel man." Abraham Lincoln to Whom It May Concern, 4 March 1862, CW, 5:143-44.

Senate confirms appointment of Sen. Andrew Johnson (Tenn.) as military governor of Tennessee. Senate Executive Journal.

Wednesday, March 4, 1863.+-

Washington, DC.

President interviews Jonathan Haines, holder of patent on harvesting machine, and gives him letter of introduction. Abraham Lincoln to David P. Holloway, 4 March 1863, CW, 6:124.

Congratulates Miguel San Roman on election to presidency of Republic of Peru. Abraham Lincoln to Miguel de San Roman, 4 March 1863, CW, 6:124.

Sends for Asst. Sec. Fox to explain certain dispatches. Fox, Diary, Gist-Blair Family Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Consults with Postmaster Gen. Blair about problems for colonizing Negroes. Blair to Lincoln, 5 March 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Friday, March 4, 1864.+-

Washington, DC.

Rear Adm. Dahlgren calls at White House for news of his son, Ulric. Abraham Lincoln to Benjamin F. Butler, 4 March 1864, CW, 7:222.

H. Villard interviews Lincoln for permission to publish letters exchanged between President and Secretary of the Treasury Chase relating to Pomeroy secret circular. Abraham Lincoln to Salmon P. Chase, 4 March 1864, CW, 7:222-23.

J. W. White, New York antislavery leader, calls on Lincoln and suggests that Gen. Grant be made general in chief responsible only to President. White to Lincoln, 4 March 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

"A pleasant Cabinet meeting." Chase and Postmaster Gen. Blair absent. Secretaries Seward and Stanton have private laugh about what they regard as Chase's "dilemma" concerning decision to run for President. Welles, Diary.

President and family visit Grover's Theatre to see Edwin Booth play the title role in Edward Bulwer-Lytton's Richelieu. This 1839 play originated the adage, "The pen is mightier than the sword." Washington Chronicle, 5 March 1864; Evening Star (Washington, DC), 4 March 1864, 1:5.

Lincoln deposits January salary warrant for $2,022.33 in Riggs Bank. Pratt, Personal Finances, 183.

Writes memorandum about churches: "I have written before, and now repeat, the United States Government must not undertake to run the churches. . . . It will not do for the United States to appoint trustees, supervisors, or other agents for the churches." Memorandum about Churches, 4 March 1864, CW, 7:223.

Saturday, March 4, 1865.+-

Washington, DC.

President spends morning at Capitol, signing bills passed by Congress the day and night before. Evening Star (Washington, DC), 4 March 1865, 2d ed., 2:2; LL, No. 1452.

At 11:45 A.M. Vice President Hamlin escorts President to Senate Chamber to witness swearing-in of Vice-President-elect Johnson. From Senate Chamber President proceeds to platform erected in east front of central portico of the Capitol. Washington Chronicle, 5 March 1865.

Senators James Harlan (Iowa) and Henry B. Anthony (R.I.) escort Mrs. Lincoln to inaugural ceremonies. Evening Star (Washington, DC), 4 March 1865, 2d ed., 2:2; Helm, Mary, 244.

Lincoln takes oath of office, administered by Chief Justice Chase, shortly after noon and delivers Second Inaugural Address. LL, No. 1452.

In his second inaugural address, Lincoln reflects upon the ongoing civil war. He states, "Fondly do we hope—fervently do we pray—that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills that it continue, until all the wealth piled by the bond-man's two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash, shall be paid by another drawn with the sword . . . it must be said 'the judgments of the Lord, are true and righteous altogether.' With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan—to do all which may achieve and cherish a just, and a lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations." Second Inaugural Address, 4 March 1865, CW, 8:332-33.

Thousands of African Americans, heretofore excluded from such affairs, mingle with spectators. Frequent applause breaks out during reading of Address. Adolphe de Pineton, marquis de Chambrun, Impressions of Lincoln and the Civil War: A Foreigner's Account (New York: Random House, 1952), 38-40.

President, accompanied by Tad and Senator Lafayette S. Foster (Conn.), leaves Capitol and occupies carriage in procession to the Executive Mansion. Mrs. Lincoln, escorted by Senator Anthony follows in next carriage, followed by carriage of Robert T. Lincoln. Evening Star (Washington, DC), 4 March 1865, 2d ed., 2:2; Washington Chronicle, 5 March 1865.

Mrs. Lincoln receives from Chase Bible kissed by Lincoln on taking oath of office. Chase comments that sun broke through at same time and was "an auspicious omen of the dispersion of the clouds of war and the restoration of the clear sunlight of prosperous peace." Chase to Mrs. Lincoln, 4 March 1865, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

President and Mrs. Lincoln drive out during afternoon in open barouche. Stop at Willard's Hotel for Mrs. Lincoln to visit friend. Philip V. D. Stern, An End to Valor: The Last Days of the Civil War (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1958), 20.

Lincoln receives members of the Perseverance Fire Company of Philadelphia in East Room at 4 P.M. Evening Star (Washington, DC), 6 March 1865, 2d ed., 2:1.

Public reception 8 P.M. at White House. Largest reception this season. President shakes hands with as many as 6,000 persons. Marine Band provides music. Receives members of the Franklin Hose Company of Philadelphia 15 9:30 P.M. Also receives Army officers to discuss military matters. LL, No. 1452; Washington Chronicle, 5 March 1865; Evening Star (Washington, DC), 6 March 1865, 2d ed., 2:1.