|Saturday, April 23, 1814.|
[Thomas Lincoln calls at Hardin County court house to get deed to Mill
Creek farm. Deed has been in file since he purchased farm in 1803.Deed Book B, 253 (marginal note); Warren, Parentage and Childhood,
April 23, 1832-April
26, 1832.Beardstown, IL.
Lincoln and other captains hold light drills. On 25th, Lincoln draws from
Brigade Quartermaster William Thomas corn, pork, salt, one barrel of flour, and five and
a half gallons of whiskey. Next day he draws fifty pounds of lead.Quartermaster's Record, Black Hawk War Collection, Abraham Lincoln
Presidential Library and Museum, Springfield, IL.
[Sangamo Journal, April 26, 1832, bursts
|Brave Sangamo hath arm'd|
|All to defend her right|
|Arouse ye bold Kentucky boys|
|The foremost in the fight|
|Away! away! away!|
Two Sauk messengers sent by Gen. Atkinson return from Black Hawk's camp and
report that Black Hawk and chiefs of band say they have "no bad intentions," but will
not return to west side of Mississippi.IHi—Journal of Felix St. Vrain, 26 April
April 23, 1839.|
Lincoln and T. Lyle Dickey defend Wm. Fraim for murder of Wm.
Neathhammer February 17, 1838. Fraim, aged 20, employed on steamer Hero,
stabbed fellow laborer in drunken brawl at Frederick. Case has come to Hancock
County on change of venue. Jury brings in verdict of guilty. Lincoln files
motion for arrest of judgment.Record.
|Saturday, April 23, 1842.|
[James Goldsby, the clerk of the Menard County Commissioner's Court, files a
delinquent tax list for 1841. Lincoln has not paid taxes on lot seven, block eleven, in the town
of Huron. The lot is valued at $2, and the tax due is 1¢.Illinois Register (Springfield), 29 April 1842, 3:6.]
|Tuesday, April 23, 1844.|
Lincoln & Logan and wives convey lot on Adams Street between Fourth
and Fifth Streets to Charles Dresser for $300. This is part payment on Lincoln's home at
Eighth and Jackson.ISLA—Papers, 1925,
|Wednesday, April 23, 1845.|
Logan & Lincoln collect from Thomas Moffett $10 as fee for services
rendered Justus Hinkle, deceased.Photocopy.
[Mrs. Lincoln's hired girl
buys yard of "Lawn" (sheer cloth) for 50¢.Irwin Ledger and Journal.]
|Thursday, April 23, 1846.|
["Sangamo Journal" reprints Lincoln's story of Fisher murder trial from
Quincy "Whig." "Whig" said, "The following narrative has been handed us for publication
by a member of the bar," probably Abraham Jonas.The Trailor Murder
Case, 15 April 1846, CW, 1:371-76.]
|Monday, April 23, 1849.|
Lincoln gives John E. Roll, carpenter, six walnut doors in part
payment for remodeling his house.
IHi—Journal, XIX, 159-60.
|Wednesday, April 23, 1851.|
Lincoln writes Lewis M. Hays of Gosport,
Indiana that he has brought suit in Logan Circuit Court "against Turley." Suit
will be tried in Oct., and he sends papers to be filled out. Abraham
Lincoln to Lewis M. Hays, 23 April 1851, CW, 2:105.
|Friday, April 23, 1852.|
In the McLean County Circuit Court, Lincoln and his co-counsel William H. Holmes reintroduce
their case, Hawks, Osborn & Company v. Major, a
suit which the Illinois Supreme Court had remanded to McLean County. Lincoln and Holmes
represent plaintiffs Matthew H. Hawks, James T. Walton, and Harmon Osborn. The litigants agree
to continue the case until the next term, and Judge David Davis orders the continuance. Lincoln
represents defendant Augustus R. Burbank in the case of Gridley
v. Burbank. Plaintiff Asahel Gridley is suing Burbank for trespass on the case upon
promises, and he seeks $200 in damages. Lincoln appears in court for Burbank, but Burbank fails
to enter a plea. The court rules in favor of Gridley and orders Burbank to pay him $136.35 in
damages "by reason of the breach of promises." The court also orders Burbank to pay the court
costs. Order, 23 April 1852, Hawks, Osborn & Company v. Major, Common
Law Record 4, 282; Order, 23 April 1852, Gridley v. Burbank, Common Law Record 4,
282, both in McLean County Circuit Court, McLean County Courthouse, Bloomington, IL.
|Monday, April 23, 1855.|
Woodford Circuit Court convenes for three days. Lincoln has one case—Gowen for use of William S. Denman & Co. v. Bilder, appeal—and that is settled by agreement. Judgment for $86.60 is entered in favor of plaintiff, his client, and execution stayed for 90 days.
|Wednesday, April 23, 1856.|
Five of Lincoln's cases are called, but only one comes to trial, Hammers & Myers v. Herron, with Shope, Powell and Lincoln
representing plaintiffs and Purple defendant. Jury finds no damages, but plaintiffs are ordered
to pay costs. In one of four cases, all continued, "Abraham Lincoln Esqr" is appointed guardian
ad litem. Record.
|Thursday, April 23, 1857.|
The case of Browning v.
Springfield, Illinois, is back in the Sangamon County Circuit Court,
where the court hears "the argument of counsel" after which the court takes
"time to consider" the matter. While walking in Springfield, plaintiff Oliver
Browning fell and broke his leg. He retained Abraham Lincoln and William
Herndon and sued the city for neglecting to keep its streets in repair. The
jury found for the city, and Browning appealed to the Illinois Supreme Court,
which reversed and remanded the judgment back to the circuit court.
Opinion, December 1855 Term, Browning v.
Springfield, Illinois, Journal & Opinion Record SC CGD 1855-1861,
55-59, Illinois Supreme Court, Illinois State Archives, Springfield, IL; Order,
23 April 1857, Browning v. Springfield, Illinois, Record P,
1856-1857, 402, Sangamon County Circuit Court, Illinois State Regional Archives
Depository, University of Illinois at Springfield, Springfield, IL;
Illinois State Journal (Springfield), 24 April 1857, 2:3.
|Friday, April 23, 1858.|
To T. A. Marshall of Charleston Lincoln writes: "I wish you, G. W.
Rives of Edgar, and O. L. Davis of Vermilion, to co-operate in
getting a Senatorial candidate on the track, in your District. Davis
is here, and agrees to do his part. The adversary has his eye upon
that district, and will beat us, unless we also are wide awake. . . .
I am most anxious to know that you will not neglect the matter."
Abraham Lincoln to Thomas A. Marshall, 23 April 1858, CW, 2:443.
|Saturday, April 23, 1859.|
[Mrs. Lincoln buys tablecloth, two kinds of silk, and pins at Smith's.
Pratt, Personal Finances, 156.]
|Tuesday, April 23, 1861.|
Lincoln paces floor awaiting troops for defense of Washington.
Nicolay, Lincoln's Secretary, 95.
Cabinet meeting around noon.
Margaret Leech, Reveille in Washington 1860-1865 (New York: Harper, 1941), 64.
|Wednesday, April 23, 1862.|
President discusses army maneuvers with
who orders Gen.
McDowell not to cross Rappahannock.
Committee on Conduct of War, Report (1863), 1:271.
Mrs. Lincoln sends Mrs. Fox flowers and three potted plants.
Fox, Diary, Gist-Blair Family Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Lincoln writes Gen. James W. Ripley: "I expected that when under the
clause [in contract for guns] the price of a particular quality of
gun was fixed it would stand throughout the transaction, neither
going down or up. I still think this is the just construction."
Abraham Lincoln to James W. Ripley, 23 April 1862, CW, 5:196-97.
|Thursday, April 23, 1863.|
President allegedly attends spiritualist seance in White House.
Nothing happens until Lincoln leaves. Then spirits pinch
's ears and tweak Sec. Welles' beard.
Elizabeth Lindsey, "Observance of the Lincoln Centennial," Lincoln Herald 59 (Fall 1957):14.
President commutes one, and approves another, of two sentences to
shoot soldiers for desertion.
Washington Star, 23 April 1863.
Commends former Cong. Segar (Va.) for showing interest in section of
Emancipation Proclamation pertaining to "Eastern Shore of Virginia."
Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Segar, 23 April 1863, CW, 6:186-87.
|Saturday, April 23, 1864.|
President sends John Hay to Fortress Monroe, Va., with Asst. Sec. Fox
for conference with Gen. Butler.
Abraham Lincoln to Gustavus V. Fox, [23 April 1864], CW, 7:310.
Orders withdrawal of Gen. Blair's resignation and his assignment to
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 23 April 1864, CW, 7:312.
Accepts proposition of governors of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa,
and Wisconsin to raise 85,000 men to serve 100 days in approaching
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 23 April 1864, CW, 7:312-13.
Interviews Mrs. Ward, sister of late John M. Weimer, and refers to
Gen. Rosecrans her request for permission to return to St. Louis.
Abraham Lincoln to William S. Rosecrans, 23 April 1864, CW, 7:310-11.
Transmits to Senate report of secretary of war regarding appointment
of brigadier generals.
Abraham Lincoln to the Senate, 23 April 1864, CW, 7:311.
Sends to Congress copy of note from Lord Lyons to secretary of state
on subject of two British naval officers who recently received
medical treatment at naval hospital at Norfolk.
Abraham Lincoln to the Senate and House of Representatives, 23 April 1864, CW, 7:311.