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Thursday, April 5, 1832.+-



[Black Hawk crosses Mississippi River into Illinois for purpose, he declares, of raising corn along Rock River. With him are 400 or 500 horsemen, plus old men and boys in charge of canoes, as well as women and children, totaling about 2,000 people.Journal of Albert Sidney Johnston, 10 April 1832, Black Hawk War Collection, Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum, Springfield, IL; Gen. Henry Atkinson to Gov. John Reynolds, 10 April 1832, 13 April 1832, 27 April 1832, Atkinson Letter Book.]

Saturday, April 5, 1834.+-

Springfield, IL.

[Political meeting is held at Richland, nine miles southwest of New Salem. Nominations made are as follows: Gen. James D. Henry for governor, William L. May for Congress, William F. Elkin for state senator, and Peter Cartwright, Job Fletcher, Samuel Morris, and John Dawson for representatives from Sangamon.Sangamo Journal, 19 April 1834.]

Friday, April 5, 1839.+-

Springfield, IL.

Notice appears in today's "Sangamo Journal" which is probably from Lincoln's pen: "We, a portion of the Sangamon delegation learning that great disatisfaction prevails among you, relative to the New Revenue Law, ask the favor of you, to attend a public discussion . . . on Saturday, April 13. . . . A. Lincoln, A. McCormic[k], A. G. Herndon, J. Calhoun, N. W. Edwards."Notice of a Public Meeting to Discuss the Revenue Law, 5 April 1839, CW, 1:148-49.

Tuesday, April 5, 1842.+-

Springfield, IL.

Logan & Lincoln participate in four cases in the Sangamon County Circuit Court. The jury in the Thurman v. Taylor case rules against Logan & Lincoln's client, Charles Thurman, and the court orders Thurman to pay all the costs of the suit. The court grants a divorce to Logan & Lincoln's client, Ann McDaniel, in the case of McDaniel v. McDaniel. In addition, the court awards custody of the couple's three daughters to Ann McDaniel. Logan & Lincoln had established that defendant Patrick McDaniel had taken his wife's "earnings, and spent it in reveling and drunkenness." Logan & Lincoln represent defendant Leroy L. Hill in Trailor v. Hill ; Lincoln writes and files an answer in the case. In the case of Henry v. Whitwell & Whitwell, Logan & Lincoln file a petition for their client, plaintiff Anson G. Henry. They represent Edmund G. Johns in the U.S. District Court in his bankruptcy case, In re Johns. Judgment, 5 April 1842, Thurman v. Taylor, Record G, 346; Judgment, 5 April 1842, McDaniel v. McDaniel, Record G, 347, both in Sangamon County Circuit Court, Illinois Regional Archives Depository, University of Illinois at Springfield; Bill for Divorce, 5 January 1842, McDaniel v. McDaniel, copy files, Henry Horner Lincoln Collection, IHi; Answer, 5 April 1842, Trailor v. Hill, Herndon-Weik Collection, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Petition to Sell Real Estate, filed 5 April 1842, Henry v. Whitwell & Whitwell, Herndon-Weik Collection, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Order, 5 April 1842, In re Johns, in General Bankruptcy 2, 563, U. S. District Court of Illinois, RG 21, National Archives, Great Lakes Region, Chicago, IL; Sangamo Journal (Springfield, IL), 8 April 1842, 3:3.

Wednesday, April 5, 1843.+-

Tremont, IL.

In Tazewell Circuit Court, May v. Greene & Loose is continued. Logan & Lincoln appear for W. L. May, former Whig leader in Springfield, now operating ferry at Peoria. Greene is brother of William G. Greene, clerk with Lincoln in Offutt store at New Salem. Suit involves ownership of strip of land along river patented by defendants and claimed by May as included in his prior patent.Record.

Monday, April 5, 1847.+-

Springfield, IL.

Afternoon meeting is held to "adopt measures to co-operate with citizens in other counties . . . in their expression of sympathy and regret for Gen. J. J. Hardin" and other Illinoisans killed at Buena Vista. Lincoln explains purpose of meeting and offers resolutions. Committee of five is appointed to correspond with representatives of other counties to arrange ceremonies. Sangamo Journal, 8 April 1847; Resolutions Adopted at John J. Hardin Memorial Meeting, 5 April 1847, CW, 1:392-93.

Monday, April 5, 1852.+-

Springfield, IL.

In preparation for the upcoming term of the Tazewell County Circuit Court, Lincoln writes and mails a notice of motion to Alexander McNaghton and William Cromwell, the plaintiffs in the Tazewell County Circuit Court case of Cromwell & McNaghton v. Baker and Tazewell County, Illinois. Lincoln represents defendant Edward D. Baker in the case regarding a mortgage foreclosure. Notice of Motion (copy), 5 April 1852, Cromwell & McNaghton v. Baker and Tazewell County, Illinois, copy files, IHi, Springfield, IL.

Wednesday, April 5, 1854.+-

Lincoln, IL.

Parks, Logan, Lincoln & Herndon, representing defendant, file their answer in Turley et al. v. Logan County, Illinois. (This case, originally filed December 5, 1853, was brought by principal property owners of town of Mt. Pulaski, who claimed that county seat had been illegally moved to Lincoln.) In their answer, defendant's attorneys claim location act was regularly passed. Copy of Record, Sup. Ct. Files.

Saturday, April 5, 1856.+-

Lincoln, IL.

Lincoln draws up arbitration award in Webster v. Rhodes & Angell, which Judge Davis and John T. Stuart sign. Photocopy.

Monday, April 5, 1858.+-

Bloomington, IL.

The second week of the McLean County Circuit Court Spring term commences. Lincoln is scheduled to speak to the Young Men's Association the next evening, and the editor of a local newspaper promises that Lincoln's address will be "eloquent and instructive." The Daily Pantagraph (Bloomington, IL), 29 March 1858, 3:1; 5 April 1858, 3:1; 12 April 1858, 3:1.

Thursday, April 5, 1860.+-

Springfield, IL.

Lincoln returns to Springfield, and deposits $325 in his bank account. Marine Bank Ledger.

Friday, April 5, 1861.+-

Washington, DC.

Cabinet in session all forenoon; regular meetings Tuesdays and Fridays at noon. Baltimore Sun, 6 April 1861.

Comdr. Dahlgren at White House again today, finds Lincoln "ill at ease, and not self possessed." Extracts from Dahlgren Diary, John G. Nicolay Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Sec. Welles reads to President confidential letter to Capt. Samuel Mercer (USN), commanding USS Powhatan, that he is to command naval force in supplying Fort Sumter, S.C. Welles, Diary.

White House levee cancelled because of public business. N.Y. Herald, 6 April 1861.

President receives first (March) salary warrant for $2,083.33 and opens account by depositing it with Riggs & Co., Washington, DC. Pratt, Personal Finances, 124, 182.

Requests Sec. Chase to pay presidential salary on 5th of each month. Lincoln to Chase, 5 April 1861. In possession of Philip D. and Elsie Sang, Chicago, Ill.

Visits Brady's gallery. Washington Evening Star, 6 April 1861.

Saturday, April 5, 1862.+-

Washington, DC.

President signifies willingness to sign bill abolishing slavery in District of Columbia. Philadelphia News, 7 April 1862.

In evening Sen. Browning (Ill.) at White House. Browning, Diary.

President receives March salary warrant for $2,083.33. Pratt, Personal Finances, 182.

In compliance with resolution of House of Representatives sends copy of dispatch from James S. Pike, U.S. minister at The Hague, summarizing methods of taxation in Netherlands. Abraham Lincoln to the House of Representatives, 5 April 1862, CW, 5:181.

Sunday, April 5, 1863.+-

Aquia Creek, VA, Falmouth, VA, and General Hooker's Headquarters.

President and party of six arrive at mouth of Aquia Creek Sunday morning. Board special train at 10 A.M. and reach General Hooker's headquarters at Falmouth about noon. Evening Star (Washington, DC), 6 April 1863, 2d ed., 2:1.

Occupy three large hospital tents. Brooks, Washington, 48.

Lincoln reads "rebel papers" for news of Charleston. Noah Brooks, "Personal Reminiscences of Lincoln," Scribner's Monthly 15 (1877/1878):673.

Tuesday, April 5, 1864.+-

Washington, DC.

President postpones regular Tuesday evening reception one week because of inclement weather. Evening Star (Washington, DC), 5 April 1864, 2d ed., 2:1.

Dennis F. Hanks, relative and lifelong friend of Lincoln, thanks him for $50 check. Hanks to Lincoln, 5 April 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Lincoln, accompanied by Mrs. Lincoln, visits Grover's Theatre to hear Friedrich von Flotow's romantic comic opera Martha; or, The Fair of Richmond sung by the Arion Society with the Grand Orchestra from the Academy of Music, New York. Evening Star, 6 April 1864, 2d ed., 2:1.

Receives March salary warrant for $2,022.33. Pratt, Personal Finances, 183.

President Lincoln writes to Mrs. Horace (Mary) Mann, of Concord, Massachusetts. He acknowledges receipt of a petition signed by 195 "persons under eighteen, praying that I would free all slave children." Lincoln writes, "Please tell these little people I am very glad their young hearts are so full of just and generous sympathy, and that, while I have not the power to grant all they ask, I trust they will remember that God has, and that, as it seems, He wills to do it." Concord Massachusetts Children to Abraham Lincoln, April 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Abraham Lincoln to Mrs. Horace Mann, 5 April 1864, CW, 7:287; Mary Mann to Abraham Lincoln, 20 April 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Wednesday, April 5, 1865.+-

Richmond, VA and City Point, VA.

At 9 A.M. President comes ashore in Rear Adm. Porter's barge and goes to army headquarters. Bates, Telegraph Office, 357.

Again meets former Assoc. Justice Campbell, to discuss how Virginia can be brought back into Union. Campbell to Anderson, 7 April 1865, Edwin M. Stanton Papers, Library of Congress, Washington DC; Abraham Lincoln to John A. Campbell, [5 April 1865], CW, 8:386-87.

After morning meeting with Campbell, President leaves Richmond for City Point. Abraham Lincoln to William H. Seward, 5 April 1865, CW, 8:387; Official Records—Armies 1, XLVI, pt. 3, 575.

President replies to Seward: "Yours of to-day received. I think there is no probability of my remaining here more than two days longer. If that is too long come down. I passed last night at Richmond and have just returned." Abraham Lincoln to William H. Seward, 5 April 1865, CW, 8:387.

At 6 P.M. receives message that Sec. Seward has been thrown from carriage and dangerously injured. Stanton to Lincoln, 5 April 1865, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

[Receives March salary warrant for $1,981.67. Pratt, Personal Finances, 184.]

[Mrs. Lincoln, accompanied by Senator Charles Sumner (Mass.), Senator Harlan (Iowa) and family, Mrs. Elizabeth Keckley, and Marquis de Chambrun, leaves Washington at 11 A.M. aboard steamer Monohasset for City Point. Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 5 April 1865, 2d ed., Extra, 2:4; Evening Star (Washington, DC), 5 April 1865, 2d ed., 2:5; Elizabeth Keckley, Behind the Scenes: Thirty Years a Slave, and Four Years in the White House (1868: reprint, Buffalo, NY: Stansil and Lee, 1931), 162-64.]