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Sunday, July 13, 1862.+-

Washington, DC.

Lincoln calculates strength of Army of Potomac on paper and sends figures to Gen. McClellan for explanation. Records show 160,000 men sent to army on peninsula. Lincoln counted 86,500 when with army on 8th and 9th—five days ago. Returns show 23,500 killed, wounded, and missing. "Have you any more perfect knowledge of this than I have?" Abraham Lincoln to George B. McClellan, 13 July 1862, CW, 5:322-23.

President Lincoln writes to Major General John E. Wool regarding the welfare of some soldiers. Lincoln explains, "Two ladies are here now representing that there are four hundred sick soldiers in Baltimore, without shelter or any accommodations. Please have this looked into by the proper officers, and the evil corrected, if it really exists. At the same, time, if it is within your authority, I would be glad all the well soldiers should be gathered in and sent to their Regiments forthwith." Abraham Lincoln to John E. Wool, 13 July 1862, John E. Wool Papers, (Vault) Box 1, Folder 6, New York State Library, Albany, NY.

President Lincoln, Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles, and Secretary of State William H. Seward travel by "carriage" to attend the funeral of the Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton's "infant child" James. Welles recalled, "It was on this occasion and on this ride that [Lincoln] first mentioned . . . the subject of emancipating the slaves by proclamation . . . He dwelt earnestly on the gravity, importance, and delicacy of the movement, said he had given it much thought and had about come to the conclusion that it was a military necessity absolutely essential for the salvation of the Union." Gideon Welles, Diary of Gideon Welles (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1911), vol. 1, 70; Benjamin P. Thomas and Harold M. Hyman, Stanton: The Life and Times of Lincoln's Secretary of War (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1962), 175.

Receives James W. White, Robert H. McCurdy, and Frederick S. Winston, committee with invitation from patriotic bodies in New York to attend mass meeting. White to Lincoln, 14 July 1862, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Monday, July 14, 1862.+-

Washington, DC.

[Mrs. Lincoln, with sons Robert and Tad, takes an excursion in New York City harbor aboard the revenue cutter Winans. Evening Star (Washington, DC), 15 July 1862, 2d ed., 1:3.]