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Friday, April 19, 1861.+-

Washington, DC.

Cabinet in morning session hears Comdr. James Alden's (USN) story of conditions at Norfolk. Gideon Welles, "Fort Sumter, Facts in Relation to the Expedition Ordered by the Administration of President Lincoln for the Relief of the Garrison in Fort Sumter," Galaxy 10 (November 1870):118-19.

Lincoln orders "a blockade of the ports" in the seceded states of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. The states' status affects "that provision of the Constitution which requires duties to be uniform throughout the United States." Additionally, the blockade will protect "the lives, vessels, and property of good citizens of the country lawfully engaged in commerce on the high seas, and in waters of the United States." Proclamation of a Blockade, 19 April 1861, CW, 4:338-39.

Drives out to inspect forts around Washington. Attempts to aid Gosport Navy Yard, Va., but fails. Monaghan, Diplomat, 75-76.

Representatives of Mayor George W. Brown (Baltimore) present letter informing Lincoln "that it is not possible for more soldiers to pass through Baltimore unless they fight their way at every step." Abraham Lincoln to Thomas H. Hicks and George W. Brown, 20 April 1861, CW, 4:340-41.

President receives telegram from Gov. Hicks (Md.) and Brown that 6th Massachusetts Infantry passing through Baltimore is attacked by mob. Approximately four soldiers and nine citizens killed. Benjamin P. Thomas, Abraham Lincoln: A Biography (New York: Knopf, 1952), 260-61; Abraham Lincoln to Thomas H. Hicks and George W. Brown, 20 April 1861, CW, 4:340-41.

Interviews Col. John B. Magruder, commanding 1st U.S. Artillery defending Washington, who thinks of resigning. Dennett, Hay Diaries and Letters, 6.

President is "annoyed" to learn his hotel bill ($773.75) has not been paid. Sends John G. Nicolay to pay it and obtain receipt. DLC—Willards' Register; Lincoln to Willards', 19 April 1861, in possession of Willard Hotel, Washington, DC.

[See February 23, 1861.]