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Monday, October 11, 1858.+-

Monmouth, IL.

Lincoln arrives in the morning by a "train from the west." A group of about two hundred people plan to meet Lincoln "on the Oquawka Road," but rain curtails "arrangements for a grand display" to welcome him prior to his scheduled speech. "[T]wo or three Republican friends" escort Lincoln to the Baldwin House, where a local newspaper reports that he is "received in silence." At approximately one in the afternoon, an audience makes its way to "Henry's board yard," the setting for the speech. A newspaper reports that there are "as many as the Douglasites had last week, and that they were mostly voters, while full half of theirs were women and children." Dr. A.V.T. Gilbert, a former state representative, delivers a speech prior to Lincoln's oration. The Monmouth Republican Glee Club performs a song, and Philo E. Reed, "a very modest, unassuming young man," introduces Lincoln, who speaks for "three hours." The Democratic and Republican newspapers differ in their accounts as to the effectiveness of Lincoln's remarks. The local Democratic newspaper describes Lincoln's speech as "a personal attack on Douglas and Democrats." It accuses Lincoln of "dodg[ing] the issues before the people." A Republican newspaper in Chicago reports his remarks as "elaborate, full and perfect." This account also describes the audience as "perfectly wrapt in attention," while the local Democratic newspaper reports that Lincoln "was coldly received by the small crowd present." The Monmouth Review (IL), 15 October 1858, 2:2-3; Chicago Daily Press and Tribune (IL), 15 October 1858, 2:2; Journal of the House of Representatives of the Twentieth General Assembly of the State of Illinois (Springfield: Lanphier & Walker, 1857), 4; Speech at Monmouth, Illinois, 11 October 1858, CW, 3:244-45.