|Friday, April 1, 1864.|
President confers with Sen. Harlan (Iowa) who asks that Col. Edward
Hatch be nominated for brigadier general.
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 1 April 1864, CW, 7:279.
[Irwin withdraws from Springfield Marine Bank $9 for semiannual
payment of interest on scholarship at Illinois State University.
Pratt, Personal Finances, 177.]
Lincoln thanks Rev. Frederick A. Farley, secretary of Brooklyn and
Long Island Fair, who transmitted from "a few of your
fellow-citizens" gift of silk bedspread formed of "National Colors."
Abraham Lincoln to Frederick A. Farley, 1 April 1864, CW, 7:278.
|Saturday, April 2, 1864.|
President discusses with A. W. Thompson fiscal and political plan
devised by latter.
Thompson to Cameron, 3 April 1864, Simon Cameron Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Thompson to Lincoln, 3 April 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Prepares draft of order to prohibit exportation of salted provisions
except those packed and shipped from state or territory bordering on
Order Prohibiting Export of Salted Provisions, 2 April 1864, CW, 7:279.
Gen. Butler invites President and Mrs. Lincoln to visit Fortress Monroe, Va.
Butler, Correspondence, 4:9.
President, Mrs. Lincoln, and Mrs. Grant attend performance of "Faust"
at Grover's Theatre.
Washington Star, 4 April 1864.
with Joseph H. Barrett, commissioner of pensions, concerning attempted movement
to postpone Baltimore Convention, called to meet in June. Abraham
Lincoln to Joseph H. Barrett, 3 April 1864,
O. H. Browning calls on President on behalf of Ludwell Y. Browning, prisoner at
Camp Douglas, Ill., and sees draft of Lincoln's letter addressed to A. G.
Hodges. Browning, Diary.
|Monday, April 4, 1864.|
President sends congratulations to Isabel II, Queen of Spain, on
birth of daughter.
Abraham Lincoln to Isabel II, 4 April 1864, CW, 7:283.
Lays before Senate treaty with Nez Percé Indians in Washington
Abraham Lincoln to the Senate, 4 April 1864, CW, 7:284.
Discusses French-Mexican situation with Sec. Seward. Administration
supports neither country. House of Representatives passes resolution
disapproving French occupation of Mexico.
Monaghan, Diplomat, 358.
Lincoln interviews Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, who is introduced by Gen. Halleck.
Philip H. Sheridan, Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan, 2 vols. (New York: C. L. Webster, 1888), 1:347.
With Mrs. Lincoln visits Grover's Theatre for performance of Weber's
Hay, Letters and Diary; Washington Star, 4 April 1864.
Lincoln puts in writing substance of interview with A. G. Hodges,
Gov. Bramlette (Ky.), and former Sen. Dixon (Ky.): "I am naturally
anti-slavery. If slavery is not wrong, nothing is wrong. I can not
remember when I did not so think, and feel. . . . I have done no
official act in mere deference to my abstract judgment and feeling on
slavery. . . . I felt that measures, otherwise unconstitutional,
might become lawful, by becoming indispensible to the preservation of
the constitution, through the preservation of the nation. Right or
wrong, I assumed this ground, and now avow it. . . . I made earnest,
and successive appeals to the border states to favor compensated
emancipation, . . . They declined the proposition; and I was, in my
best judgment, driven to the alternative of either surrendering the
Union, and with it, the Constitution, or of laying strong hand upon
the colored element. I chose the latter. . . . It shows a gain of
quite a hundred and thirty thousand soldiers, seamen, and laborers. .
. . I add a word which was not in the verbal conversation. In telling
this tale I attempt no compliment to my own sagacity. I claim not to
have controlled events, but confess plainly that events have
Abraham Lincoln to Albert G. Hodges, 4 April 1864, CW, 7:281-83.
Offers suggestions to Gen. Rosecrans regarding: 1. Order No. 61
concerning oaths of allegiance;2. Reported assassinations of returned
Confederates; 3. Enlistment of Negroes not conducted in orderly
Abraham Lincoln to William S. Rosecrans, 4 April 1864, CW, 7:283-84.
|Tuesday, April 5, 1864.|
President postpones regular Tuesday evening reception one week.
Washington Star, 5 April 1864.
Hanks, relative and lifelong friend of Lincoln, thanks him for $50 check.
Hanks to Lincoln, 5 April 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington,
Lincoln, accompanied by
Mrs. Lincoln, visits Grover's
Theatre to hear Flotow's opera "Martha" sung by Orion Society with Grand
Orchestra of Academy of Music, N.Y. Washington Star, 6 April
Receives March salary warrant for $2,022.33.
President Lincoln writes to Mrs. Horace
(Mary) Mann, of Concord, Massachusetts. He acknowledges receipt of a petition
signed by 195 "persons under eighteen, praying that I would free all slave
children." Lincoln writes, "Please tell these little people I am very glad
their young hearts are so full of just and generous sympathy, and that, while I
have not the power to grant all they ask, I trust they will remember that God
has, and that, as it seems, He wills to do it." Concord
Massachusetts Children to Abraham Lincoln, April 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC;
Abraham Lincoln to Mrs. Horace
Mann, 5 April 1864, CW, 7:287;
Mary Mann to Abraham Lincoln, 20 April 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
|Wednesday, April 6, 1864.|
Mrs. Masson calls on Lincoln and asks that James H.
McEwen, prisoner of war at Rock Island, Ill., be pardoned. Abraham
Lincoln to John Catron, 6 April 1864, CW, 7:288.
that Gen. Butler need not come to Washington relative to plan for exchange of
prisoners. Butler, Correspondence,
Attends meeting in House of Representatives at night, to
hear speech of George Thompson, English antislavery orator. Washington
Star, 7 April 1864.
|Thursday, April 7, 1864.|
Lincoln interviews G. Thompson and friends on subject of
emancipation, then conducts them to state dining room to see painting
by F. B. Carpenter.
Carpenter, Six Months, 76.
President and Mrs. Lincoln plan to visit Fortress Monroe, Va., "some
time next week."
Abraham Lincoln to Benjamin F. Butler, 7 April 1864, CW, 7:289.
President transmits to House of Representatives report of secretary
of war regarding transfer of Maj. Nathaniel H. McLean.
Abraham Lincoln to the House of Representatives, 7 April 1864, CW, 7:290.
|Friday, April 8, 1864.|
Gideon Welles, Diary.
Signs act to authorize the Columbia Institution for the Deaf and Dumb and Blind, later Gallaudet University, to confer degrees. RG 11: United States Government Documents Having General Legal Effect, Entry 6: Laws of the United States, Enrolled Acts and Resolutions of Congress, 1789-1962, Vault, National Archives Building, Washington, DC.
"The President, with Mrs. Lincoln and Sec. Seward and family, will
visit Ford's Theatre this evening to witness Edwin Forrest's grand impersonation of King Lear."
Washington Star, 8 April 1864.
|Saturday, April 9, 1864.|
President invites conference: "Will Senator Sumner please call and
see me this morning?"
Abraham Lincoln to Charles Sumner, 9 April 1864, CW, 7:293.
Interviews Charles W. Butts, of Pennsylvania, former cavalry officer,
regarding return to Portsmouth, Va.
Abraham Lincoln to Benjamin F. Butler, 9 April 1864, CW, 7:292.
Spends more time than usual with guests at last afternoon reception of season.
Washington Star, 9 April 1864.
|Monday, April 11, 1864.|
Lincoln postpones trip to Fortress Monroe, Va., because Mrs. Lincoln is unwell.
Abraham Lincoln to Benjamin F. Butler, 11 April 1864, CW, 7:293-94.
Interviews L. H. Putnam, "a very intelligent colored man," and sends
to discuss Negro forces.
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 11 April 1864, CW, 7:295.
Endorses military pass issued to John Ehler, aged 10: "They say that
by the destruction of a bridge this boy has been unable to pass on
this. Might it not be renewed for the little fellow?"
Endorsement Concerning John Ehler, 11 April 1864, CW, 7:294.
|Tuesday, April 12, 1864.|
President sends congratulations to Alexander II, Emperor of Russia,
on birth of nephew.
Abraham Lincoln to Alexander II, 12 April 1864, CW, 7:296-97.
Joint committee of City Councils of Washington visits President and
calls attention to excess of quota set for District.
Washington Star, 13 April 1864.
Cabinet meets. Principal subjects of discussion are exportation of
French tobacco and national debt.
|Thursday, April 14, 1864.|
President reviews 67 courtmartial cases.
Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 14 April 1864, CW, 7:298; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 14 April 1864, CW, 7:298-99.
Interviews Henry C. Lea, Philadelphia pamphleteer associated with Union League.
Lea to Lincoln, 18 April 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Confers with judge advocate general on court martial cases.
|Friday, April 15, 1864.|
Lincoln sends to Senate supplemental treaty with Chippewa Indians.
Abraham Lincoln to the Senate, 15 April 1864, CW, 7:299.
Cabinet meets. Secs. Chase and
and Postmaster Gen. Blair
absent. Topics of general interest only.
|Saturday, April 16, 1864.|
President authorizes transfer of Fort Smith, Ark.,
and Indian Territory to Dept. of Arkansas. Abraham
Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, 16 April 1864,
disaster of Red River expedition reaches White House. Monaghan,
President is quite indisposed today, we regret to say, and is not receiving
visitors." Washington Star, 16 April 1864.
Marshal Gen. James B. Fry to put on record "that the Philadelphia quotas be
adjusted for the calls of 1863 and 1864 already made." Abraham
Lincoln to James B. Fry, 16 April 1864, CW, 7:299-300.
recommendation of DeWitt C. Leach, agent of Mackinac Indian Agency, Detroit,
Mich., that certain public lands be withdrawn from sale and added to Little
Traverse Indian Reservation, Lincoln directs Sec. Usher: "Let the lands be
withheld from sale as recommended." Abraham
Lincoln to John P. Usher, 16 April 1864, CW, 7:300.
|Sunday, April 17, 1864.|
Lincoln receives invitation from William J. Albert, president,
Maryland Sanitary Commission Fair, to be his guest while in Baltimore
for fair on 18th.
Albert to Lincoln, 17 March 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
|Monday, April 18, 1864.|
Washington, DC and Baltimore, MD.
Lincoln commutes courtmartial sentences of 20 prisoners sentenced to be shot.
Washington Star, 18 April 1864.
Interviews Chippewa Indian chiefs in East Room of White House and
conducts them on tour.
Washington Chronicle, 19 April 1864.
Participates in program opening Maryland Sanitary Commission Fair.
Gov. Bradford (Md.) delivers eloquent address before crowd of 6,000
to 8,000, followed by 15-minute speech by Lincoln. President refers
to change in Union sentiment since 1861 in Baltimore. It "is part
only of a far wider change. When the war began, three years ago,
neither party, nor any man, expected it would last till now. . . . So
true is it that man proposes, and God disposes." Comments on meaning
of liberty and massacre reported at Fort Pillow, Tenn.
Washington Chronicle, 19 April 1864; Address at Sanitary Fair, Baltimore, Maryland, 18 April 1864, CW, 7:301-3.
Mrs. Lincoln does not attend Baltimore fair.
Ladies of Knitting Circle to Mrs. Lincoln, 19 April 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
|Tuesday, April 19, 1864.|
Baltimore, MD and Washington, DC.
President returns to Washington in morning from Baltimore.
Washington Star, 19 April 1864.
Recognizes Giovanni B. Carruti as consul of Italy at San Francisco and Ferdinando de Luca at New Orleans.
Washington Star, 21 April 1864; Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 21 April 1864, 2d ed., 3:2.
Does not attend cabinet meeting.
Rests preparatory to night reception at White House.
Don C. Seitz, Lincoln the Politician: How the Rail-Splitter and Flatboatman Played the Great American Game (New York: Coward-McCann, 1931), 408.
Large crowd overruns White House at last reception of season.
President gives "warm salutation and a pleasant word" to "official
and social intimates."
Washington Chronicle, 20 April 1864.
|Wednesday, April 20, 1864.|
President empowers Gen. Meade to commute death
sentences by courtmartial to imprisonment on Dry Tortugas, Fla., for duration
of war. War Dept. Special Order, 20 April 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC;
Commuting Sentence of Deserters, 26 February 1864,
Lincoln to George G. Meade, 21 April 1864,
Bailey (Pa.) confers with President on undisclosed matter. Bailey to
Lincoln, 20 April 1864, Abraham Lincoln
Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Thomas H. Ford,
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio under Gov. Chase, and Capt. Jasper K. Herbert
converse with Lincoln for hour. Butler, Correspondence, 4:104.
President poses in White House office for photographs requested by F. B.
Carpenter. Frederick H. Meserve and Carl Sandburg, The Photographs
of Abraham Lincoln (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1944), 20 April
Confers in afternoon with Gen. Grant, who returns to Army
of Potomac tomorrow. Washington Star, 21 April 1864; Ulysses S. Grant,
Personal Memoirs, 2 vols. (London: Low, Marston, Searle &
Rivington, 1886), 2:141.
|Thursday, April 21, 1864.|
President reviews 72 courtmartial cases.
Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade, 21 April 1864, CW, 7:307.
Confers with governors of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa about
enlistments and calls another meeting for 7 P.M., with Gen. Halleck
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 21 April 1864, CW, 7:308.
|Friday, April 22, 1864.|
Cabinet meets. Secs. Seward, Chase, and
President approves bill placing inscription, "In God We Trust," on
coins. First used on 2-cent piece.
Stat. L., XII, 54.
|Saturday, April 23, 1864.|
President sends John Hay to Fortress Monroe, Va., with Asst. Sec. Fox
for conference with Gen. Butler.
Abraham Lincoln to Gustavus V. Fox, [23 April 1864], CW, 7:310.
Orders withdrawal of Gen. Blair's resignation and his assignment to
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 23 April 1864, CW, 7:312.
Accepts proposition of governors of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa,
and Wisconsin to raise 85,000 men to serve 100 days in approaching
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 23 April 1864, CW, 7:312-13.
Interviews Mrs. Ward, sister of late John M. Weimer, and refers to
Gen. Rosecrans her request for permission to return to St. Louis.
Abraham Lincoln to William S. Rosecrans, 23 April 1864, CW, 7:310-11.
Transmits to Senate report of secretary of war regarding appointment
of brigadier generals.
Abraham Lincoln to the Senate, 23 April 1864, CW, 7:311.
Sends to Congress copy of note from Lord Lyons to secretary of state
on subject of two British naval officers who recently received
medical treatment at naval hospital at Norfolk.
Abraham Lincoln to the Senate and House of Representatives, 23 April 1864, CW, 7:311.
|Sunday, April 24, 1864.|
Lincoln "loafs" in John Hay's room. Laughs at attack on President
Davis in Richmond "Examiner." In evening confers with Gen. Burnside
about opening campaign.
Hay, Letters and Diary.
|Monday, April 25, 1864.|
President Lincoln writes to mental health authority Dr. John P.
Gray, of Utica, New York, regarding Private Lorenzo C. Stewart, whom a
"military court, tried for murder, and sentenced to death, his execution
awaiting the order of the President." Lincoln seeks to determine "Stewart's
sanity, both at the time of the homocide, and at the time of your examination."
Lincoln directs Gray to go to Elmira, New York, where Stewart is imprisoned in
order to gather information and then to "report . . . to me . . . your own
conclusions." Isaac F. Quinby, et al. to Abraham Lincoln,
21 April 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers,
Library of Congress, Washington, DC;
Abraham Lincoln to John P. Gray, 25
April 1864, CW, 7:313-14.
From eastern portico of Willard's reviews Gen. Burnside's 30,000 troops en
route from Annapolis, Md., to reinforce Army of Potomac. In evening Gov. Curtin
(Pa.) visits White House. Lincoln discusses F. B. Carpenter's painting with
him. Carpenter, Six
Months, 81; Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 25 April 1864, 2d ed., 2:4.
Sends regrets to John R. Woods, secretary
of Illinois Sanitary Commission, that "I cannot be present at the inauguration
of your Soldiers Home this week" in Springfield, Ill. Abraham Lincoln to John R. Woods,
25 April 1864, CW, 7:316.
|Tuesday, April 26, 1864.|
Cabinet meets. Secs. Chase and
and Postmaster Gen. Blair absent.
Photographers from M. B. Brady's studio work in White House to make
stereoscopic studies of Lincoln in his office.
Carpenter, Six Months, 91.
President reviews 51 courtmartial cases.
|Wednesday, April 27, 1864.|
President interviews Gen. Solomon Meredith relative
to dismissal of Lt. Samuel H. Meredith, his son. DNA—WR RG 107,
Off. Sec. War, Orders and Endorsements, BB 14/2656.
commission as major general to Gen. Blair at White House. Clarence E.
Macartney, Lincoln and His Cabinet (New York: Scribner, 1931),
Confers with former Cong. Riddle (Ohio), ready to assume
duties as consul at Mantazas, Cuba. Albert G. Riddle,
Recollections of War Times: Reminiscences of Men and Events in
Washington, 1860-1865 (New York: Putnam, 1895), 266-67.
Writes endorsement for Herman [J.] Huidekoper, of Pennsylvania: "I know nothing
of the young man within named, except by hearsay, which is all in his favor.
His brother Lt-Col. [Henry S.] Huidekoper, who lost an arm at Gettysburg, I do
know, and for his sake I would be very glad for the advancement of the young
Concerning Herman Huidekoper, 27 April 1864,
Gov. Murphy (Ark.) on successful organization of state government. Abraham
Lincoln to Isaac Murphy, 27 April 1864, CW, 7:318.
courtmartial cases. CW,
|Thursday, April 28, 1864.|
President relates to John Hay story of Gen. Meigs coming to
Soldiers' Home in July 1862, waking him, and urging retreat of Army from
Harrison's Landing, Va. Hay, Letters and Diary.
Charles G. Russell, deserter, who voluntarily surrenders to avoid arrest and
punishment. Abraham Lincoln to Whom It May
Concern, 28 April 1864, CW,
Lincoln telegraphs his wife Mary, who is at the
Metropolitan Hotel in New York City with their son Tad. Earlier in the day,
Mary telegraphed Lincoln to advise him that they arrived "in safety." Mary
asked Lincoln to "send me by mail to-day a check for $50." She also relayed
Tad's inquiry about "the goats." Lincoln replies, "The draft will go to you.
Tell Tad the goats and father are very well—especially the goats."
Abraham Lincoln to Mary Lincoln, 28 April 1864, CW,
7:320; Katherine Helm, The True Story of Mary, Wife of Lincoln
(New York: Harper & Brothers, 1928), 239.
statement to House of Representatives regarding military status of Gen. Blair.
Abraham Lincoln to the House of
Representatives, 28 April 1864, CW, 7:319-20.
Congress "Address to the President of the United States . . . on the condition
and wants of the people of East Tennessee." Abraham Lincoln to the Senate and House of
Representatives, 28 April 1864, CW, 7:321.
|Friday, April 29, 1864.|
President forwards to Senate information on affairs in Nevada Territory.
Abraham Lincoln to the Senate, 29 April 1864, CW, 7:322-23.
Tells Sec. Welles circumstances of his giving pass to Martha Todd
White, half-sister of Mrs. Lincoln.
Spends part of evening at War Dept.
|Saturday, April 30, 1864.|
President discusses with O. H. Browning and former Sen. Thomas
Ewing (Ohio) case of Commodore Charles Wilkes guilty of unauthorized
publication of letters of Sec. Welles, and case of Capt. Samuel Black.
"pardon[s]" and frees twenty-five "Indian prisoners now in confinement at Camp
McClellan near Davenport Iowa." The men represent a portion of the Indians who
have been confined since November 1862, as a result of the August 1862 Dakota
uprising. Missionary Thomas S. Williamson and Special Commissioner to the
Indians George E. H. Day wrote to Lincoln and urged him to release the
prisoners. Day wrote, "[I]n the name of humanity [I] beg that you will . . .
order them released and sent to take care of their starving families now
perishing for want of food." Thomas S. Williamson to
Abraham Lincoln, 27 April 1864; William P. Dole to Abraham Lincoln, 28 April
1864, both in Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library
of Congress, Washington, DC;
Order for Pardon of Sioux Indians,
30 April 1864, CW, 7:325-26.
F. B. Carpenter introduces Lincoln to Elizabeth Cady Stanton, leader in
women's rights movement, and her brother-in-law, Samuel Wilkeson, head of New
York "Tribune" bureau in Washington. Carpenter,
Six Months, 101.
midnight Lincoln visits offices of John Nicolay and John Hay to show caricature
by Thomas Hood and enjoy laugh. Hay,
Letters and Diary.
Acknowledges invitation to attend Grand Musical Festival in Philadelphia on
Wednesday, May 4, 1864. "I shall be most happy to be present at an
entertainment which promises so much, especially as it is in aid of so
beneficent a charity as that in which you are interested, if my engagements
next week will allow it." Abraham Lincoln to James R. Fry, 30
April 1864, CW, 7:323-24.
Writes Gen. Grant and expresses "entire satisfaction with what you have
done up to this time, . . . If there is anything wanting which is within my
power to give, do not fail to let me know. And now with a brave Army, and a
just cause, may God sustain you." Abraham Lincoln to Ulysses S.
Grant, 30 April 1864, CW,