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31 entries found


Browse Month

Presidential party, including Mrs. Lincoln, Asst. Sec. Fox, and several others, arrives at Navy Yard in morning. Washington Star, 1 August 1864.

President asks Sen. Morgan (N.Y.) to come to Washington at once. Abraham Lincoln to Edwin D. Morgan, 1 August 1864, CW, 7:474.

Sec. Welles confers with Lincoln about trial of Benjamin G. and Franklin W. Smith ("Smith Brothers") of Boston, charged with attempt to defraud government. Welles, Diary, 2 August 1864.



Browse Month

Lincoln considers request of wife of Surg. Gen. William A. Hammond for interview and prefers not to see her. Abraham Lincoln to Mrs. William A. Hammond, [2 August 1864], CW, 7:474-75.

Cabinet meets. Military affairs discussed. Bates, Diary.

President confers with Sen. Morgan (N.Y.) and produces correspondence with former Sec. Chase at time Chase resigned. Welles, Diary, 5 August 1864.



Browse Month

President sends congratulations to Charles XV, King of Sweden and Norway, on marriage of Prince Nicolas Auguste. Abraham Lincoln to Charles XV, 3 August 1864, CW, 7:475.

Offers condolences to Francis Joseph I, Emperor of Austria, on death of Archduchess Hildegarde. Abraham Lincoln to Francis Joseph I, 3 August 1864, CW, 7:475-76.

Congratulates King Leopold of Belgians on birth of granddaughter. Abraham Lincoln to Leopold, 3 August 1864, CW, 7:477.

Congratulates William I, King of Prussia, on daughter born to Princess Antonie. Abraham Lincoln to William I, 3 August 1864, CW, 7:478-79.

Interviews Michael Burns, president of North Western Railroad, and refers him to Sec. Stanton . Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 3 August 1864, CW, 7:478.

Lincoln writes Gen. Grant: "'Putting our army South of the enemy' or of following [']him to the death' . . . will neither be done nor attempted unless you watch it every day, and hour, and force it." Abraham Lincoln to Ulysses S. Grant, 3 August 1864, CW, 7:476.

Instructs Sec. Stanton to suspend order of Gen. Hunter, who directed arrest and shipment south of Union lines of secessionist residents of Frederick, Md. Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 3 August 1864, CW, 7:477-78.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

Day of National Humiliation and Prayer appointed by President Lincoln. President and Postmaster General Montgomery Blair attend services at New York Avenue Prebyterian Church, where Dr. Septimus Tustin preached. Proclamation of a National Day of Prayer; Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 5 August 1864, 2d ed., 2:1, 3:1.

President receives dispatch at noon that Gen. Grant leaves City Point, Va., in two hours for Washington. Grant to Lincoln, 4 August 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.



Browse Month

President receives note from Sec. Stanton that Gen. Grant is at War Dept. Replies: "I will come over in a few minutes." Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, [5 August 1864], CW, 7:482.

Cabinet meets. Only four members present. Welles, Diary.

Atty. Gen. Bates calls on President to deliver letter of Col. James O. Broadhead, provost marshal general of Missouri, on Missouri affairs. Bates, Diary.

Lincoln interviews Gen. Sheridan, who has been called to Washington and ordered to join Grant at Monocacy Junction. Philip H. Sheridan, Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan, 2 vols. (New York: C. L. Webster, 1888), 1:463-64.

In evening Sec. Seward reads Davis Protest [Wade-Davis Manifesto] to Lincoln, who wants to know if protestors intend openly to oppose his election. Butler, Correspondence, 5:8.

Lincoln receives July salary warrant for $1,981.67, reduced $101.66 by income tax enacted June 30, 1864. Pratt, Personal Finances, 183.



Browse Month

President interviews Sec. Welles regarding promotion of Col. Griffin A. Stedman, who is reported dying from wounds received in action before Petersburg, Va., and endorses recommendation of Gen. Edward O. C. Ord that Col. Stedman be promoted to brigadier general. "I shall be glad to have this done." Welles, Diary; Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 6 August 1864, CW, 7:484.

Requests interview and receives notice that Col. Samuel M. Bowman, chief mustering officer for Negro troops in Maryland, will call on August 8, 1864. Abraham Lincoln to Samuel M. Bowman, 6 August 1864, CW, 7:482.

Approves publication of correspondence between himself and Horace Greeley relative to Niagara Falls peace effort. Abraham Lincoln to Horace Greeley, 6 August 1864, CW, 7:482-83.



Browse Month

President, Gens. Grant and Halleck, and Sec. Stanton meet in War Dept. Sec. Welles inquires about Col. Stedman and learns of his death. Welles, Diary, 8 August 1864.



Browse Month

Sec. Seward arranges 12 M. meeting for President with Count Piper. Seward to Lincoln, 5 August 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Col. Bowman will arrive from Baltimore, accompanied by Lev. E. Straughn, commissioner to examine claims of owners of slaves enlisted in army. Bowman to Lincoln, 6 August 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

President explains to Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge at Lexington, Ky., that paper was given Emily Todd Helm to protect her against mere fact of her being Gen. Helm's widow, and not against consequences of disloyalty. "If the paper given her by me can be construed to give her protection for such words or acts, it is hereby revoked pro tanto. Deal with her for current conduct, just as you would with any other." Abraham Lincoln to Stephen G. Burbridge, 8 August 1864, CW, 7:484-85.

Writes Horace Greeley: "I telegraphed you Saturday. Did you receive the despatch? Please answer." Abraham Lincoln to Horace Greeley, 8 August 1864, CW, 7:485.



Browse Month

Cabinet meets. Welles reports that President is willing to have Niagara peace proceedings published. Welles, Diary.

President orders that Gen. A. J. Hamilton may transport cotton from ports of Galveston or Sabine Pass, Tex., to treasury agents at New Orleans unmolested. Abraham Lincoln to Edward R. S. Canby, 9 August 1864, CW, 7:488-89.

Sends to Horace Greeley printed copy of their correspondence concerning Niagara Falls imbroglio. Abraham Lincoln to Horace Greeley, 9 August 1864, CW, 7:489-90.

Writes Gen. Banks regarding new constitution adopted by convention of Louisiana: "I am anxious that it shall be ratified by the people." Abraham Lincoln to Nathaniel P. Banks, 9 August 1864, CW, 7:486-87.

Advises Gen. Butler to clean up Norfolk on basis of military necessity, "openly discarding all reliance for what you do, on any election." Abraham Lincoln to Benjamin F. Butler, 9 August 1864, CW, 7:487-88.

Requests Sec. Fessenden to place to credit of Dept. of State sum of $25,000, as appropriated in act to encourage immigration. Abraham Lincoln to William P. Fessenden, 9 August 1864, CW, 7:489.



Browse Month

Lincoln discusses plight of Negroes with Col. John Eaton, Jr., superintendent of freedmen for Dept. of the Tennessee. John Eaton, Grant, Lincoln and the Freedmen: Reminiscences of the Civil War with Special Reference to the Work for the Contrabands and Freedmen of the Mississippi Valley (New York: Longmans, Green, 1907), 168.



Browse Month

Lincoln calls Gen. Schurz to White House. CW, 8:550.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

At 8:30 a.m., poet Walt Whitman spots President Lincoln, who is traveling between the nearby Soldiers' Home, where Lincoln frequently stays during the summer months, and the White House. Whitman records, "Mr. Lincoln . . . generally rides a good-sized, easy-going gray horse, is dress'd in plain black, somewhat rusty and dusty; [and] wears a black stiff hat . . . I see very plainly [his] dark brown face, with the deep cut lines, the eyes, &c., always to me with a latent sadness in the expression. We have got so that we always exchange bows, and very cordial ones." Allen Thorndike Rice, ed., Reminiscenes of Abraham Lincoln by Distinguished Men of His Time (New York: Haskell House Publishers, Ltd., 1971), 469-70.

Cabinet meets. Secs. Stanton and Fessenden absent. Welles, Diary.

Thurlow Weed confers with Lincoln and warns him that his reelection is impossible. Henry L. Stoddard, Horace Greeley: Printer, Editor, Crusader (New York: Putnam, 1946), 227; Weed to Seward, 22 August 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

President issues pass to Col. Eaton to visit Gen. Grant and instructs him to ascertain Grant's reaction to becoming presidential candidate. Pass for John Eaton, 12 August 1864, CW, 7:492.

John Hay leaves on trip home and expects to be gone five or six weeks. Nicolay to Bates, 14 August 1864, John G. Nicolay Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

President orders Maj. John Hay to proceed to Keokuk, Iowa, and having executed his verbal instructions to return. DNA—WR RG 94, Adjt. Gen. Off., Letters Received, XL, Supp. III.



Browse Month

Gen. Robert Anderson is dinner guest. CW, 8:550.



Browse Month

President confers with Sec. Stanton on destruction of private property and suggests to Gen. Grant that he make an agreement with Gen. R. E. Lee on subject. Abraham Lincoln to Ulysses S. Grant, 14 August 1864, CW, 7:493.



Browse Month

President congratulates Atanasio Cruz Aguirre on elevation to presidency of Oriental Republic of Uruguay. Abraham Lincoln to Atanasio Cruz Aguirre, 15 August 1864, CW, 7:493-94.

Sends printed copy of correspondence with Horace Greeley regarding Niagara Falls peace effort to Henry J. Raymond for publication in New York "Times" when proper time comes. Abraham Lincoln to Henry J. Raymond, 15 August 1864, CW, 7:494-95.

Telegraphs Gen. Sherman near Atlanta: "If the government should purchase, on its own account, cotton Northward of you and on the line of your communications, would it be an inconvenience to you, or detriment to the Military service, for it to come to the North on the Railroad?" Abraham Lincoln to William T. Sherman, 15 August 1864, CW, 7:495-96.

Requests Sec. Usher to bring up case of Patrice DeJanon, professor of Spanish dismissed from West Point. Abraham Lincoln to John P. Usher, 15 August 1864, CW, 7:496.



Browse Month

Cabinet meets. Sec. Seward and Atty. Gen. Bates dispute over procedures for captured cotton. Welles, Diary.

Lincoln interviews First Asst. Postmaster Gen. Alexander W. Randall, former governor of Wisconsin, who delivers letter from Charles D. Robinson, editor, Green Bay, Wis., "Advocate," Democratic paper. Abraham Lincoln to Charles D. Robinson, 17 August 1864, CW, 7:499-502.

Forwards to Ward Hunt, Utica, N.Y., attorney, letter of Sec. Seward relative to former Cong. Roscoe Conkling (N.Y.) running for Congress. Abraham Lincoln to Ward Hunt, 16 August 1864, CW, 7:498.



Browse Month

Lincoln telegraphs Gen. Grant at City Point, Va.: "Hold on with a bull-dog gripe, and chew & choke, as much as possible." Abraham Lincoln to Ulysses S. Grant, 17 August 1864, CW, 7:499.

Reviews 15 courtmartial cases. CW, 8:551.



Browse Month

President speaks to 164th Ohio Regiment, composed of militia whose 100-day term of service has expired. Speech to the One Hundred Sixty-Fourth Ohio Regiment, 18 August 1864, CW, 7:504-5; Washington Star, 18 August 1864.

Interviews Leonard Swett, who thinks that Lincoln cannot be reelected and asks if he will withdraw. Butler, Correspondence, 5:68.

Declares by proclamation, "that the port of Newport in the state of Vermont is and shall be entitled to all the privileges in regard to the exportation of merchandise in bond to the British North American Provinces, adjoining the United States." Proclamation Concerning Commercial Regulations, 18 August 1864, CW, 7:503-4.



Browse Month

President in long conversation with First Asst. Postmaster Gen. Randall and Judge Joseph T. Mills about coming election. Interview with Alexander W. Randall and Joseph T. Mills, 19 August 1864, CW, 7:506-8.

Frederick Douglass visits White House. Interview with Alexander W. Randall and Joseph T. Mills, 19 August 1864, CW, 7:506-8.

Cabinet meets. No special subject. Welles, Diary.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

President interviews Col. Joseph N. G. Whistler, who wants his son to go to West Point. Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 20 August 1864, CW, 7:509.

President Lincoln telegraphs Brigadier General John F. Miller and "[s]uspend[s] . . . [the] death sentence" of fifteen-year-old Private Patrick Jones, of the 12th Tennessee Cavalry. Tennessee's Military Governor Andrew Johnson telegraphed Lincoln and recommended a commutation to a life sentence. Johnson notes that at the time that Jones committed the murder, he "was drunk." Johnson argues, "[T]he moral influence would be much greater if we could hang some of the larger fish . . . [T]here is no trouble in convicting & hanging the little helpless minnows which makes & leaves no impression upon the public mind." Andrew Johnson to Abraham Lincoln, 19 August 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Abraham Lincoln to John F. Miller, 20 August 1864, CW, 7:509.

Receives 151st Ohio Regiment, en route home after completing 100 days of service. Washington Chronicle, 21 August 1864.



Browse Month

President establishes ordnance board, with Gen. Gillmore as president, to test H. Ames' wrought-iron rifled cannon. Order for Testing Wrought Iron Cannon, 21 [20?] August 1864, CW, 7:510.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

President confers with Sec. Stanton regarding release of Joseph Howard, Jr., who perpetrated New York newspaper hoax involving purported proclamation of President Lincoln. Harper, Press, 302.

The members of the 166th Ohio Regiment assemble in front of the White House, where President Lincoln remarks, "It is not merely for to-day, but for all time to come that we should perpetuate for our children's children this great and free government, which we have enjoyed all our lives...I happen temporarily to occupy this big White House. I am a living witness that any one of your children may look to come here as my father's child has. It is in order that each of you may have through this free government which we have enjoyed, an open field and a fair chance for your industry, enterprise and intelligence...It is for this the struggle should be maintained, that we may not lose our birthright...The nation is worth fighting for, to secure such an inestimable jewel." Speech to One Hundred Sixty-sixth Ohio Regiment, 22 August 1864, CW, 7:512; Evening Star (Washington, D.C.), 23 August 1864, 3:1.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

At 10 A.M. President thanks 147th Ohio Regiment, commanded by Col. Benjamin F. Rosson, for its services. Washington Star, 24 August 1864.

Authorizes Sec. Stanton to release J. Howard, Jr., from Fort Lafayette, N.Y. Harper, Press, 302.

Recognizes D. T. Arnaldo Marques as consul of Peru at San Francisco. Washington Star, 26 August 1864.

Confers with Cong. Fenton (N.Y.) about campaign for governor and Fenton's chances of winning against Gov. Seymour (N.Y.). Rice, 68-70.

At a cabinet meeting, President Lincoln asks each member to sign "the back of a" memorandum. Lincoln does not reveal the contents of the document, which reads,"This morning, as for some days past, it seems exceedingly probable that this Administration will not be re-elected. Then it will be my duty to so co-operate with the President elect, as to save the Union between the election and the inauguration; as he will have secured his election on such ground that he can not possibly save it afterwards." Memorandum Concerning His Probable Failure of Re-election, 23 August 1864, CW, 7:514-15; J. G. Randall and Richard N. Current, Lincoln the President: Last Full Measure (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1955), 4:215-16; Michael Burlingame and John R. Turner Ettlinger, eds., Inside Lincoln's White House: The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997), 247-48.

Lincoln signs order for sale of land in Winnebago Indian reservation. Order for Sale of Land in Winnebago Indian Reservation, 23 August 1864, CW, 7:515-16.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

President interviews John J. Jarmey, of Ohio, concerning political matters in state. James to Cameron, 27 August 1864, Simon Cameron Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

In evening at Soldiers' Home, Lincoln and group of officials witness demonstration of Morse signalling from tower of Soldiers' Home to roof of Smithsonian Institution. Bates, Telegraph Office, 265.

President Lincoln drafts a letter to New York Times editor Henry J. Raymond, who forecasts big electoral losses for the Republicans. Raymond predicts that a peace summit will "turn the tide of public sentiment." Lincoln instructs, "You will proceed forthwith and obtain, if possible, a conference for peace with Hon. Jefferson Davis, or any person by him authorized for that purpose. . . . [Y]ou will propose, on behalf of this government, that upon the restoration of the Union and the national authority, the war shall cease at once, all remaining questions to be left for adjustment by peaceful modes. If this be accepted hostilities to cease at once." Ultimately, Lincoln and the Cabinet reject the peace conference suggestion. Henry J. Raymond to Abraham Lincoln, 22 August 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Abraham Lincoln to Henry J. Raymond, 24 August 1864, CW, 7:517-18.



Browse Month

At 11 A.M. Sec. Welles calls at White House and finds President in conference with Secs. Seward, Stanton , and Fessenden, and Henry J. Raymond on subject of peace mission to President Davis, which they decide against. John G. Nicolay and John Hay, Abraham Lincoln: A History, 10 vols. (New York: Century, 1890), 9:221.

Seward arranges White House meeting for Lord Lyons at 12 M. Seward to Lincoln, 24 August 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.



Browse Month

Cabinet meets. Welles, Diary.



Browse Month

President sends order to Sec. Stanton : "If Gen. Sigel has asked for an Inquiry, let him have it, if there is not some insurmountable, or at least, very serious obstacle. He is fairly entitled to this consideration." Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 27 August 1864, CW, 7:521.



Browse Month

Near midnight Charles J. M. Gwinn, Baltimore lawyer for convicted spies, visits Lincoln at Soldiers' Home to ask for reprieve. Gwinn to Lincoln, 29 August 1864, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

President telegraphs Gen. Wallace in Baltimore that sentences of four men, William H. Rodgers, John R. H. Emberet, Branton Lyons, and Samuel B. Hearn, convicted as spies, have been commuted. Abraham Lincoln to Lewis Wallace, 28 August 1864, CW, 7:522.

President asks Sec. Welles to "find some way to relieve me from the embarrassment of this case" against Smith brothers of Boston under arrest for fraudulent deliveries to Navy Dept. Abraham Lincoln to Gideon Welles, 28 August 1864, CW, 7:522-23.



Browse Month

President interviews Col. Worthington, who asks permission to visit Gen. Grant. Abraham Lincoln to Ulysses S. Grant, 29 August 1864, CW, 7:523-24.

Sec. Welles confers with President about petition from Boston relative to trial of Smith brothers. For political reasons they decide to transfer trial to Boston before civil tribunal. Welles, Diary; Abraham Lincoln to Gideon Welles, 28 August 1864, CW, 7:522-23.

President interviews Hon. Paul C. Brinck, of New Jersey, who thinks troop quotas are too heavy on his township.

[John Nicolay arrives in New York at noon on political mission for President involving changes in customhouse officials. Nicolay to Lincoln, 29 August 1864, John G. Nicolay Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.]



Browse Month

Cabinet meets. Capture of Fort Morgan, Ala., confirmed by news from Gen. Sherman. Welles, Diary.

[John Nicolay in New York, sends letter to President by Robert Lincoln. Nicolay will start home tomorrow if he "gets matters arranged satisfactorily." Nicolay to Lincoln, 30 August 1864, John G. Nicolay Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.]



Browse Month

President telegraphs Mrs. Lincoln at Manchester, Vt.: "All reasonably well. Bob not here yet. How is dear Tad?" Abraham Lincoln to Mary Todd Lincoln, 31 August 1864, CW, 7:526.

Addresses 148th Ohio Regiment, on its way home after completed period of service. Speech to One Hundred Forty-eighth Ohio Regiment, 31 August 1864, CW, 7:528-29; Washington Star, 1 September 1864.

[John Nicolay in New York, will return tomorrow. Nicolay to Lincoln, 31 August 1864, John G. Nicolay Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.]

President reviews case of Louis A. Welton, who came through Union lines with contract to furnish supplies to South, was arrested and sentenced to imprisonment, and concludes review by saying: "Now, if Senator Morgan, and Mr. Weed, and Mr. Raymond, will not argue with me that I ought to discharge this man, but will, in writing on this sheet, simply request me to do it, I will do it solely in deference to their wishes." Abraham Lincoln to Edwin D. Morgan, Thurlow Weed, and Henry J. Raymond, 31 August 1864, CW, 7:526-27.

Issues order that persons bringing out cotton in conformity with treasury regulations must not be hindered by other government departments. Order Concerning Transportation of Cotton, 31 August 1864, CW, 7:527.