|Tuesday, September 1, 1863.|
President requests suspension of order compelling 400 persons on
Eastern Shore of Virginia to take oath of allegiance and to pay
assessment for damage to lighthouse.
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 1 September 1863, CW, 6:427.
to Sec. Chase difficulty in applying Emancipation Proclamation to certain parts
of Virginia and Louisiana. Abraham
Lincoln to Salmon P. Chase, 2 September 1863,
Lincoln meets with Dorcas Klaprath, and then writes to Secretary of War Edwin
M. Stanton about her request. Lincoln explains, "This woman says her husband
and two sons are in the war; that the youngest son W. J. Klaproth, is a private
in Co. D, of 143rd Pennsylvania, volunteers, was wounded, made a prisoner &
paroled at Gettysburg, and is now at Center-Street hospital, New-Jersey; and
that he was under eighteen when he entered the service without the consent of
his father or herself. She says she is destitute, and she asks that he may be
discharged[.] If she makes satisfactory proof of the above let it be done."
Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 2 September 1863,
J. W. Forney
interviews Lincoln on integrity of press. Abraham
Lincoln to James C. Conkling, 3 September 1863,
deposits $120, interest on I. Lindsay note, in Springfield Marine Bank.
Pratt, Personal Finances,
|Thursday, September 3, 1863.|
President irritated by publication of letter to J. C. Conkling prior
to meeting for which it was written.
Abraham Lincoln to James C. Conkling, 3 September 1863, CW, 6:430; Harper, Press, 134.
Mrs. Lincoln at Manchester, Vt., receives message from President:
Secretary of War
tells me he has telegraphed Gen. [Abner]
Doubleday to await further orders. We are all well, and have nothing
Abraham Lincoln to Mary Lincoln, 3 September 1863, CW, 6:431.
|Friday, September 4, 1863.|
Cabinet discusses trade regulations covering exportation of livestock.
Official Records—Armies 539-40.
President modifies order concerning export of war material.
Order Concerning Export of War Material, 4 September 1863, CW, 6:432.
Interviews Francis S. Corkran, naval officer, Baltimore customhouse,
who brings charges against James L. Ridgely, collector of internal
revenue at Baltimore.
Francis S. Corkran to Abraham Lincoln, 19 December 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
|Saturday, September 5, 1863.|
President interviews Cornelius Vanderbilt, Jr., and directs him to
Abraham Lincoln to Montgomery C. Meigs, 5 September 1863, CW, 6:432-33.
Receives August salary warrant for $2,022.34.
Pratt, Personal Finances, 183.
Writes former Cong. Segar (Va.) of dispatch from Maj. Henry Z. Hayner
reporting that people are jubilant over presidential order ending
collection of lighthouse assessment as victory over government
extorted by fear. "No dollar shall be refunded by my order, until it
shall appear that my act in the case has been accepted in the right
Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Segar, 5 September 1863, CW, 6:434.
|Sunday, September 6, 1863.|
President telegraphs Mrs. Lincoln at Manchester, Vt.: "All well, and
no news, except that Gen. Burnside has Knoxville, Tennessee."
Abraham Lincoln to Mary Lincoln, 6 September 1863, CW, 6:434.
Requests Gen. Schenck to "direct or order that the collection of the
Light-House be suspended, and that the money already collected be
held, both till further order."
Abraham Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 6 September 1863, CW, 6:434-35.
|Monday, September 7, 1863.|
Mrs. Theophilus Brown tells Lincoln that her
husband, now confined in Old Capitol Prison, was conscripted into Confederate
army and will do anything reasonable to be at liberty. President directs
Sec. Stanton : "Please take hold of the case,
and do what may seem proper in it." Abraham
Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 7 September 1863,
|Tuesday, September 8, 1863.|
Lincoln interviews Mrs. Cordelia A. P. Harvey, widow of Gov. Lewis
Harvey (Wis.), regarding hospital to be named for her late husband.
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 9 September 1863, CW, 6:437.
|Wednesday, September 9, 1863.|
President smiles at Gen. Rosecrans' discouraged attitude revealed in
Hay, Letters and Diary.
Orders Gen. Meade to give Gen. Frank Wheaton "a leave of absence for
ten or fifteen days," if it can be done without injury to service.
Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade, 9 September 1863, CW, 6:437.
|Thursday, September 10, 1863.|
President sends Dr. John P. Gray of Utica, New York, to Norfolk, Virginia, to
conduct examination and collect evidence of sanity or insanity of Dr. David M.
Abraham Lincoln to John P. Gray, 10 September 1863, CW, 6:437-38.
Interviews I. Wayne McVeagh, chairman, Pennsylvania Union State
Central Committee, relative to Gen. Butler assisting in campaign.
McVeagh to Butler, 10 September 1863, Benjamin F. Butler Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Receives request from Gen. Burnside that he be allowed to resign.
Burnside to Lincoln, 10 September 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Writes memorandum concerning Frederick Moelich, who protested his
innocence of selling liquor to soldiers: "I can not listen to a man's
own story, unsupported by any evidence, who has been convicted of
violating the law; because that would put an end to all law."
Memorandum Concerning Frederick Moelich, 10 September 1863, CW, 6:438.
Writes Gen. Wheaton: "Yesterday, at the instance of Mr. Blair, senr.
I telegraphed Gen. Meade asking him to grant you a leave of absence,
to which he replied that you had not applied for such leave, and that
you can have it when you do apply. I suppose it is proper for you to
Abraham Lincoln to Frank Wheaton, 10 September 1863, CW, 6:439.
|Friday, September 11, 1863.|
Immediately after breakfast Sec. Chase at White House for President's
approval of revised trade regulations. President reads draft of
letter subsequently sent to Gov. Johnson (Tenn.), directing him to
organize loyal state government at once.
Official Records—Armies 541; Abraham Lincoln to Andrew Johnson, 11 September 1863, CW, 6:440-41.
, Asst. Sec. Fox, and Gen. Halleck arrive to discuss
situation at Charleston. President mentions Gen. Burnside's request
for permission to resign and says it will not be granted at present.
Official Records—Armies 541.
At cabinet meeting President "cordially and earnestly greeted" Sec.
Welles, recently returned from 10-day inspection tour of navy yards.
Father of Lt. Adelbert S. Eddy calls on Lincoln, "saying his son has
been in arrest for several months."
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 11 September 1863, CW, 6:441.
President acknowledges letter of Vice President Hamlin: "Your letter
of Aug. 22nd., to be presented by your son Cyrus is on my table; but
I have not seen him, or know of his being here recently."
Abraham Lincoln to Hannibal Hamlin, 11 September 1863, CW, 6:439-40.
|Saturday, September 12, 1863.|
Lincoln expresses his "personal
gratification" upon receipt of letter from former Cong. Josiah Quincy (Mass.),
president of Harvard University. Abraham
Lincoln to Josiah Quincy, 12 September 1863,
arranges for F. L. Barreda to present letter of ceremony to President at 12 M.
Seward to Lincoln, 10 September 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
|Sunday, September 13, 1863.|
Lincoln sends to Dr. Gray in Norfolk "names  of those whose
affidavits are left with me on the question of Dr. Wrights sanity."
Abraham Lincoln to John P. Gray, 13 September 1863, CW, 6:443.
|Monday, September 14, 1863.|
After breakfast Sec. Chase escorts Gov. Andrew (Mass.) to White House
for conference with President.
Official Records—Armies 543-44.
Lincoln calls special cabinet meeting for 11 A.M. to discuss
decisions of certain judges releasing drafted men by writ of habeas
corpus. Agrees to prepare an opinion for cabinet meeting following
Welles, Diary; Bates, Diary.
|Tuesday, September 15, 1863.|
At 9 A.M. President reads to cabinet opinion on military draft.
[There is question as to when Lincoln prepared this opinion.
Nicolay & Hay dates it 15 August 1863; CW dates it 14
September 1863.] Sec. Chase thinks preferable way to prevent courts from interfering
with draft is for President by proclamation to suspend privilege of
writ of habeas corpus in military or naval cases. Proposal wins
approval. Cabinet adjourns at 1 P.M. Sec. Seward prepares
proclamation and presents it when cabinet reconvenes. All agree and
order it carried into effect.
Welles, Diary; Bates, Diary; Opinion on the Draft, [14? September] 1863, CW, 6:444-49.
President issues proclamation suspending writ of habeas corpus.
Proclamation Suspending Writ of Habeas Corpus, 15 September 1863, CW, 6:451-52.
Interviews Mrs. Craddock relative to rebel prisoner and directs her
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 15 September 1863, CW, 6:452.
Replies to request of J. K. Dubois and O. M. Hatch: "What nation do
you desire Gen. Allen to be made Quarter-Master-General of? This
nation already has a Quarter-Master-General."
Abraham Lincoln to Jesse K. Dubois and Ozias M. Hatch, 15 September 1863, CW, 6:450.
Writes Gen. Halleck that Gen. Meade desires guidance as to what he
should do. "My opinion is that he should move upon Lee at once in
manner of general attack. . . . I think this would develope Lee's
real condition and purposes better than the cavalry alone can do. Of
course my opinion is not to control you and Gen. Meade."
Abraham Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, 15 September 1863, CW, 6:450-51.
|Wednesday, September 16, 1863.|
President issues instructions to tax commissioners in South Carolina.
Instructions to Tax Commissioners in South Carolina, 16 September 1863, CW, 6:453-59.
|Thursday, September 17, 1863.|
Sec. Chase in morning conference
with President in White House. Former Gov. Newell (N.J.) interviews Lincoln on
behalf of deserter. Official
Lincoln to George G. Meade, 17 September 1863,
requests Sec. Chase to see Mr. Church [probably Lawrence S. Church of
Woodstock] and Mr. Farwell [probably Charles B. Farwell of Chicago], gentlemen
from Illinois. Abraham
Lincoln to Salmon P. Chase, 17 September 1863,
Wife of Capt.
John S. Struthers calls and asks President that her husband be allowed to
resign. Lincoln writes Sec. Stanton : "I would
be for accepting it, on the general principle, that we are rapidly getting an
over proportion of officers." Abraham
Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 17 September 1863,
concerning writ of habeas corpus, whereby military officers will not produce
their prisoners in obedience to such writs. Draft
of Order Concerning Writ of Habeas Corpus, [17 September 1863],
Schenck to send Maj. Hayner to Washington with "facts in relation to the
misconduct of the people on the Eastern Shore of Virginia." Abraham
Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 17 September 1863,
|Friday, September 18, 1863.|
Lincoln orders discharge of William ("Duff") Armstrong, whom he
successfully defended in murder trial in 1858.
Abraham Lincoln to Mrs. Hannah Armstrong, 18 September 1863, CW, 6:462.
Urges Gov. Johnson (Tenn.) to "do your utmost to get every man you
can, black and white, under arms at the very earliest moment."
Abraham Lincoln to Andrew Johnson, 18 September 1863, CW, 6:462-63.
Father of Sgt. Lewis H. Cox calls on Lincoln regarding son who was
absent without leave and accepted pay as substitute.
Order Concerning Lewis H. Cox, Alias John M. Dillon, 18 September 1863, CW, 6:463-64.
Interviews Mrs. Mary Duncan relative to cotton claimed by her husband.
Abraham Lincoln to Salmon P. Chase, 25 September 1863, CW, 6:481.
Suggests to C. M. Smith that he name his son "for the General you fancy most."
Abraham Lincoln to Clark M. Smith, 18 September 1863, CW, 6:464-65.
Meets with Senator Edgar Cowan of Pennsylvania. Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 18 September 1863, 2d ed., 2:4.
[On the morning of September 19, 1863 Battle of Chickamauga begins about ten miles from Chattanooga.]
|Saturday, September 19, 1863.|
President sends word to Gen. Banks that Gen. A. J. Hamilton will act
as military governor in Texas.
Abraham Lincoln to Nathaniel P. Banks, 19 September 1863, CW, 6:465-66.
Authorizes Gov. Johnson (Tenn.) to exercise such powers as may be
necessary to enable people of Tennessee to have republican form of
Abraham Lincoln to Andrew Johnson, 19 September 1863, CW, 6:469.
In view of Gen. Meade's dispatch to Gen. Halleck, Lincoln writes
Halleck that he would not order, or even advise, Gen. Meade to
advance. He points out, however, that Gen. R. E. Lee has only 60,000
men to keep Meade out of Richmond, while Meade has 90,000 to keep Lee
out of Washington. Lincoln is opposed to any "attempt to fight the
enemy slowly back into his intrenchments at Richmond, and there to
capture him. . . . I have constantly desired the Army of the Potomac,
to make Lee's army, and not Richmond, it's objective point."
Abraham Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, 19 September 1863, CW, 6:466-68.
|Sunday, September 20, 1863.|
Lincoln shows John Hay dispatch from Gen. Rosecrans relative to first
day's fighting near Chattanooga and expresses anxiety.
Hay, Letters and Diary.
Sends message to Mrs. Lincoln in New York: "I neither see nor hear
anything of sickness here now; though there may be much without my
knowing it. I wish you to stay, or come just as is most agreeable to
Abraham Lincoln to Mary Todd Lincoln, 20 September 1863, CW, 6:469.
Leaves Soldiers' Home at 10 P.M. and spends night in White House.
Journal, Samuel P. Heintzelman Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC, 21 September 1863.
|Monday, September 21, 1863.|
At 2 A.M. Lincoln telegraphs Gen. Burnside at Knoxville: "Go to
Rosecrans with your force, without a moments delay." Abraham Lincoln to Ambrose E.
Burnside, 21 September 1863, CW,
Telegraphs Burnside again at 11 A.M.: "If you are to
do any good to Rosecrans, it will not do to waste time with Jonesboro."
Abraham Lincoln to Salmon P. Chase,
17 September 1863, CW, 6:470.
Takes news of Battle of Chickamauga to Sec. Welles. Welles, Diary.
Writes Gen. Halleck: "I think it very important for Gen. Rosecrans to hold
his position, at or about Chattanooga, because, if held from that place to
Cleveland, both inclusive, it keeps all Tennessee clear of the enemy, and also
breaks one of his most important Railroad lines. . . . If he can only maintain
this position, without more, the rebellion can only eke out a short and feeble
existence, as an animal sometimes may with a thorn in its vitals."
Abraham Lincoln to Henry W.
Halleck, 21 September 1863, CW,
Sends message to Rosecrans: "Be of good cheer. We
have unabated confidence in you, and in your soldiers and officers. In the main
you must be the judge as to what is to be done. If I were to suggest, I would
say, save your army, by taking strong positions, until Burnside joins you, when
I hope you can turn the tide." Abraham Lincoln to William S.
Rosecrans, 21 September 1863, CW,
Recognizes Gouldree Boilieau as consul general of
France at New York and Charles Ferdinand de Cazotte as consul of France at San
Francisco. Washington Chronicle, 24 September 1863.
Lincoln telegraphs his wife, Mary, who is visiting New York City. He
reports, "The air is so clear and cool, and apparantly healthy, that I would be
glad for you to come. Nothing very particular, but I would be glad see you and
Tad." Abraham Lincoln to Mary Lincoln, 21
September 1863, CW, 6:471-72.
|Tuesday, September 22, 1863.|
Lincoln grieves over death of brother-in-law, Gen. Ben Hardin Helm
(CSA) killed at Chickamauga, Ga.
Helm, Mary, 216-17.
Reviews Battle of Chickamauga at cabinet meeting. Sec. Chase shows
him printed scheme for testimonial to Gen. McClellan being circulated
in army for subscriptions.
Official Records—Armies 549-50.
President at Gen. Halleck's office for conference.
Journal, Samuel P. Heintzelman Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Recognizes John E. Brown as vice consul of Denmark for Maine and C.
F. J. Moder as vice consul of Denmark for Wisconsin.
Washington Chronicle, 25 September 1863.
Exchanges telegrams with Mrs. Lincoln, who is preparing to leave New York.
Abraham Lincoln to Mary Lincoln, 22 September 1863, CW, 6:474.
|Wednesday, September 23, 1863.|
Lincoln on regular evening visit to telegraph office decides to
withhold telegram to R. A. Maxwell.
David H. Bates, Lincoln Stories Told by him in the Military Office in the War Department during the Civil War (New York: Rudge, 1926), 37; Abraham Lincoln to Robert A. Maxwell, 23 September 1863, CW, 6:475-76.
Sends to Gen. Rosecrans at Chattanooga copy of dispatch from Gen.
Braxton Bragg (CSA). "You see he does not claim so many prisoners or
captured guns, as you were inclined to concede. He also confesses to
Abraham Lincoln to William S. Rosecrans, 23 September 1863, CW, 6:476.
Returns to city from Soldiers' Home late at night for cabinet meeting
at War Dept. Reinforcements of all kinds to go
to Army of Cumberland by rail in seven days. Orderly escorts
President to Soldiers' Home after meeting.
Flower, Stanton, 203-4; Hay, Letters and Diary.
|Thursday, September 24, 1863.|
President issues proclamation opening port of Alexandria, Va.
Proclamation Opening the Port of Alexandria, Virginia, 24 September 1863, CW, 6:479.
Writes Mrs. Lincoln at Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York, "a tolerably
accurate summing up of the late battle between Rosecrans and Bragg,"
including death of Gen. Helm.
Abraham Lincoln to Mary Lincoln, 24 September 1863, CW, 6:478.
|Friday, September 25, 1863.|
President at War Dept. with Sec. Stanton ; does not attend cabinet meeting.
Writes communication to Gen. Burnside: "Yours of the 23rd. is just received,
and it makes me doubt whether I am awake or dreaming. I have been struggling
for ten days, first through Gen. Halleck, and then directly, to get you to go
to assist Gen. Rosecrans in an extremity, and you have repeatedly declared you
would do it, and yet you steadily move the contrary way." [Endorsed "Not
Lincoln to Ambrose E. Burnside, 25 September 1863,
Sec. Chase to examine claim for price of 1,100 bales of cotton alleged to have
been delivered to government agents and converted into money. Abraham
Lincoln to Salmon P. Chase, 25 September 1863,
|Saturday, September 26, 1863.|
President very angry, and
disturbed, by report in New
York "Evening Post" that heavy movement of troops has been ordered to
relieve Army of Cumberland.
Harper, Press, 133.
Confers with Atty. Gen. Bates on Missouri affairs.
|Sunday, September 27, 1863.|
President at War Dept. until 9 P.M. Gen. Hooker and John Hay visit
him later at Soldiers' Home. Hooker to be given an assignment.
Hay, Letters and Diary.
Lincoln orders Gen. Burnside to hold present positions and send spare
troops to Gen. Rosecrans quickest way.
Abraham Lincoln to Ambrose E. Burnside, 27 September 1863, CW, 6:484.
|Monday, September 28, 1863.|
President calls conference with Secs. Seward and Welles regarding
British vessel "Arago." Later reads two confidential dispatches
relating to Chickamauga.
Alerts Gen. Rosecrans that two small corps are on their way under
command of Gen. Hooker.
Abraham Lincoln to William S. Rosecrans, 28 September 1863, CW, 6:486.
Receives invitation to opening of new Grover Threatre with privilege
of setting date and play.
Grover to Lincoln, 28 September 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Mrs. Lincoln and Tad arrive home in afternoon from New York.
Washington Chronicle, 30 September 1863.
|Tuesday, September 29, 1863.|
President addresses delegation of Sons of Temperance in East Room of
Hay, Letters and Diary; Reply to Sons of Temperance, 29 September 1863, CW, 6:486-88.
Cabinet meets. "Neither Mr. Seward nor Mr.
were present. They
seemed, reasonably enough, to have given up attendance on these
meetings of the Heads of Departments as useless; and, for ought I
[Chase] see I may as well follow their example."
Official Records—Armies 553.
Delegation from Missouri waits on President for interview to discuss
removal of Gen. Schofield.
Hay, Letters and Diary; Washington Chronicle, 30 September 1863.
|Wednesday, September 30, 1863.|
President grants two-hour interview to delegation of Radical Union
men from Missouri and Kansas and receives petition asking removal of
Gen. Schofield and appointment of Gen. Butler.
Hay, Letters and Diary; Washington Chronicle, 1 October 1863; Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 30 September 1863, 2d ed., 2:4.
Dr. Zacharie arranges afternoon appointment.
Zacharie to Lincoln, 29 September 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Lincoln writes F. S. Corkran: "Mrs. L. is now at home & would be
pleased to see you any time. If the grape time has not passed away,
she would be pleased to join in the enterprize you mentioned."
Abraham Lincoln to Francis S. Corkran, 30 September 1863, CW, 6:488.