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31 entries found


Browse Month

President visits Sec. Stanton in reference to Surg. William D. Stewart, dismissed for being absent without leave. Abraham Lincoln to Benjamin B. French, 1 July 1863, CW, 6:312-13.



Browse Month

In morning Sec. Welles finds Lincoln at War Dept. reading dispatches from Gen. Meade. Welles, Diary.

"Lincoln was in the telegraph office hour after hour during those anxious days and nights." Bates, Telegraph Office, 155.

Lincoln asks Sec. Stanton to pay advertising bill of "National Republican." It is "a source of trouble to me." Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 2 July 1863, CW, 6:313.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

Sec. Welles meets President and Sec. Seward at War Dept. during morning, examining dispatches from Gen. Meade. Welles, Diary.

Mrs. Lincoln receives head injury when thrown from carriage during drive to Soldiers' Home. Helm, Mary, 211-12.

President Lincoln telegraphs his son Robert, who attends Harvard University, regarding Robert's mother, Mary. Lincoln advises, "Dont be uneasy. Your mother very slightly hurt by her fall." The day prior, Mary Lincoln suffered injuries from a carriage accident. A newspaper reports, "Her horses took fright and ran away as she was riding from the Soldier's Home to the city. Seeing her imminent danger she leaped from the carriage, and was stunned and severely bruised, but no bones were broken. Surgeons from Mount Pleasant Hospital were promptly in attendance. She soon recovered sufficiently to be taken to the White House." Abraham Lincoln to Robert T. Lincoln, 3 July 1863, CW, 6:314; New York Times, 3 July 1863, 5:2.

Sends order to Gen. Burnside: "Private [John] Downey, of the Twentieth or Twenty-sixth Kentucky Infantry, is said to have been sentenced to be shot for desertion to-day. If so, respite the execution until I can see the record." Abraham Lincoln to Ambrose E. Burnside, 3 July 1863, CW, 6:313.



Browse Month

At 10 A.M. President issues press release announcing that "news from the Army of the Potomac, up to 10 P.M. of the 3rd. is such as to cover that Army with the highest honor." Announcement of News From Gettysburg, 4 July 1863, CW, 6:314.

Gen. Haupt rushes from Gettysburg and confers with Lincoln and Gen. Halleck on military matters. Flower, Stanton, 201.

Archimedes C. Dickson, Springfield (Ill.) friend known as "Dick," calls at White House as salesman to interest Lincoln in Absterdam projectile patterned after Dyer's rifle shell, "distinguished chiefly by a cup or sabot of soft metal at the base, which was supposed to expand and take the grooves like a Minié bullet." Bruce, Tools of War, 257-58.

Union League of Philadelphia presents gold medal to President. LL, No. 1188.

In evening Sec. Welles receives dispatch from Alexander H. Stephens, Vice President of Confederate States of America; shows it to President. Welles, Diary.

Mrs. Lincoln assists W. C. Stoddard in preparation of Fourth of July celebration in White House grounds. William O. Stoddard, Inside the White House in War Times (New York: C. L. Webster, 1890), 206-9.

President writes Acting Rear Adm. Samuel P. Lee (USN): "The request of A. H. Stephens is inadmissible. The customary agents and channels are adequate for all needful communication and conference between the United States forces and the insurgents." [In the absence of the original, it is not certain that Lincoln composed or signed this, and that it was prepared on July 4, 1863 may be questioned.] Abraham Lincoln to Samuel P. Lee, 4 July 1863, CW, 6:317.

Writes Gen. Schenck at Baltimore: "Your despatches about negro regiment are not uninteresting or unnoticed by us, but we have not been quite ready to respond. You will have an answer tomorrow." Abraham Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 4 July 1863, CW, 6:317.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

11 A.M. Principal discussion at cabinet meeting is request of A. H. Stephens for permission to proceed to Washington for interview with President. Welles, Diary.

In the afternoon, President Lincoln and his son, Tad, visit General Daniel E. Sickles, who is recovering in Washington. During the battle at Gettysburg on July 2, Sickles received a severe injury to his right leg prompting surgeons to remove the leg to a point "five inches above the knee." A newspaper reports, "[Lincoln, Tad,] and a mounted escort, rode on horseback to Gen. Sickles' door." Lincoln "congratulated him on his ability and courage, and expressed the greatest regret that [Sickles's] . . . wound . . . rendered amputation necessary." Washington Chronicle, 6 July 1863; Evening Star (Washington, DC), 6 July 1863, 3:2; New York Times, 6 July 1863, 4:5.



Browse Month

Special cabinet meeting at 9 A.M. continues consideration of A. H. Stephens' mission and decides that he should communicate through prescribed military channels. Welles, Diary.

Lincoln leaves telegraph office in War Dept. and arrives at Soldiers' Home about 7 P.M. Abraham Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, 6 July 1863, CW, 6:318.

Receives June salary warrant for $2,022.33. Pratt, Personal Finances, 182.

Suggests to Gen. Halleck that he look to movements of Army of Potomac. Does Gen. Meade intend to cover Baltimore and Washington, and get enemy across river again without further collision, or does he plan to prevent his crossing and to destroy him? Abraham Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, 6 July 1863, CW, 6:318.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

Lincoln at telegraph office in morning receives Gen. Grant's dispatch announcing capture of Vicksburg, Miss. Bates, Telegraph Office, 156; Abraham Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, [7 July 1863], CW, 6:319.

Vice President Hamlin and Senators from Maine confer with President and urge better New England coastal defense against piratical depredations of enemy. Abraham Lincoln to Gideon Welles, 7 July 1863, CW, 6:320-21.

At cabinet meeting President appears despondent because Gen. Meade has lingered at Gettysburg. At 12:40 P.M. Sec. Welles gives President telegram from Acting Rear Adm. David D. Porter [for retroactive promotion see December 8, 1863] announcing surrender of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863. Welles, Diary.

In evening, upon learning of the Union Army's victory at Vicksburg, Mississippi, "a procession with bands of music proceed[s] to the Executive Mansion." A newspaper reports, "a crowd enthusiastically cheered the President, [who] . . . appeared at an upper window." Lincoln remarks that it is fitting that the Vicksburg victory occurred on the "Fourth of July just passed," when defeat came to "those who opposed the declaration that all men are created equal." Lincoln "praise[s] . . . the many brave officers and soldiers who have fought in the cause of the Union." Response to a Serenade, 7 July 1863, CW, 6:319-20; New York Daily Tribune (NY), 8 July 1863, 5:3; The New York Times (NY), 8 July 1863, 8:1-2; Daily Morning Chronicle (Washington, D.C.), 8 July 1863, 2:2-3.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

President recognizes Heinrich Otto Sigmund Cuntz as consul of Grand Duchy of Oldenburg for state of Massachusetts and Henry Bream as vice consul of Denmark for New York, Connecticut, and parts of New Jersey. Washington Chronicle, 13 July 1863.

A few days after the Gettysburg, Pennsylvania battle, President Lincoln responds to a telegram that Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas sent to the Secretary of War Edwin Stanton regarding Union troops in pursuit of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's army. Lincoln writes, "The forces you speak of, will be of no immagineable service, if they can not go forward with a little more expedition." Lincoln explains that the troops must move quickly or they "will, in my unprofessional opinion, be quite as likely to capture the Man-in-the Moon, as any part of Lee's Army." Abraham Lincoln to Lorenzo Thomas, 8 July 1863, CW, 6:321-22.

Informs Frederick F. Low, collector of port of San Francisco, of Gen. Meade's victory at Gettysburg and Gen. Grant's victory at Vicksburg, Miss. Abraham Lincoln to Frederick F. Low, 8 July 1863, CW, 6:321.

Answers dispatch of U.S. District Attorney E. D. Smith (N.Y.): "Capture of Vicksburg confirmed by despatch from Gen. Grant himself." Abraham Lincoln to E. Delafield Smith, 8 July 1863, CW, 6:321.



Browse Month

President instructs Leonard Swett and F. F. Low to avoid riot in taking possession of New Almaden Quicksilver Mine in California. Abraham Lincoln to Leonard Swett and Frederick F. Low, 9 July 1863, CW, 6:322.

Pardons John McCleary, counterfeiter, and Victor La Waer, convicted of attempting to incite soldiers to desert. Washington Chronicle, 10 July 1863.



Browse Month

At Soldiers' Home, President interviews A. C. Dickson, Orloff A. Zane, and John Absterdam regarding Absterdam shell. Bruce, Tools of War, 259.

Assures Gen. Sickles that no III Corps disaster has been reported. Abraham Lincoln to Daniel E. Sickles, 10 July 1863, CW, 6:322-23.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

"The President seemed in specially good humor today, as he had pretty good evidence that the enemy were still on the north side of the Potomac, and Meade had announced his intention of attacking them in the morning." Hay, Letters and Diary.

President Lincoln writes to his friend Illinois State Auditor Jesse K. Dubois, of Springfield, Illinois. Dubois had telegraphed Lincoln seeking the outcome of the battle at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Lincoln writes, "After three days fighting . . . [Confederate General Robert E.] Lee withdrew and made for the Potomac [River] . . . he found the river so swolen as to prevent his crossing . . . he is still this side near Hagerstown and Williamsport, preparing to defend himself . . . I am more than satisfied with what has happened North of the Potomac so far, and am anxious and hopeful for what is to come." Abraham Lincoln to Jesse K. Dubois, 11 July 1863, CW, 6:323.

Calls at Navy Ordnance Bureau and orders trial of Absterdam shell as soon as possible. Bruce, Tools of War, 259.

President Lincoln writes to New York Governor Horatio Seymour regarding the court martial of Captain John N. Riedenbach, of the 158th New York Volunteers. Lincoln writes, "The evidence shows a good deal of boistrous misconduct, during a single case of intoxication; and I incline to think he does not habitually get in that condition. But I have not the legal power . . . to restore him to his office, nor would I do it . . . without a better knowledge of his character . . . I write this merely to say that if the Governor of New-York shall choose to appoint him to the same or another Military office, the disability is hereby removed, enabling him to do so." Abraham Lincoln to Horatio Seymour, 11 July 1863, CW, 10:193.

Telegraphs Robert Lincoln: "Come to Washington." Abraham Lincoln to Robert T. Lincoln, 11 July 1863, CW, 6:323.

Inquires of Gen. Schenck: "How many rebel prisoners, captured within Maryland & Pennsylvania, have reached Baltimore within this month of July?" Abraham Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 11 July 1863, CW, 6:323-24.



Browse Month

Lincoln at telegraph office receives word of Gen. Meade's plan to attack tomorrow. Paces floor, wringing his hands and muttering, "Too late." Bates, Telegraph Office, 157.

Assures Gen. Schenck that Gen. Isaac R. Trimble (CSA) has not been imprisoned in Baltimore for fear traitorous associates will contact him. Abraham Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 12 July 1863, CW, 6:325.



Browse Month

President receives call for help to subdue mob resisting draft in New York. John Jay and others to Lincoln, 13 July 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Sec. Welles calls on President and suggests that Acting Rear Adm. Porter be made rear admiral. Welles, Diary.

Lincoln writes Gen. Grant: "I do not remember that you and I ever met personally. I write this now as a grateful acknowledgment for the almost inestimable service you have done the country. . . . When you got below, and took Port-Gibson, Grand Gulf, and vicinity, I thought you should go down the river and join Gen. Banks; and when you turned Northward East of the Big Black, I feared it was a mistake. I now wish to make the personal acknowledgment that you were right, and I was wrong." Abraham Lincoln to Ulysses S. Grant, 13 July 1863, CW, 6:326.

Writes Gen. Schofield in St. Louis: "I regret to learn of the arrest of the Democrat editor. . . . but I care very little for the publication of any letter I have written. Please spare me the trouble this is likely to bring." Abraham Lincoln to John M. Schofield, [13 July] 1863, CW, 6:326-27.



Browse Month

Shortly before cabinet meeting President learns that Gen. R. E. Lee has crossed into Virginia. Sec. Welles walks to War Dept. with Lincoln, who is depressed by Lee's escape. Two hours later Welles returns to War Dept. and finds Lincoln there lying on sofa, dejected and discouraged. Welles, Diary.

After noon Lincoln visits Navy Yard and witnesses firing of 20 Absterdam shells from army field gun. Bruce, Tools of War, 259.

President recognizes Carlos Enrique Leland as vice consul of Oriental Republic of Uruguay at New York. Washington Chronicle, 16 July 1863.

Telegraphs Robert Lincoln in New York: "Why do I hear no more of you?" Abraham Lincoln to Robert T. Lincoln, 14 July 1863, CW, 6:327.

Writes Gen. Meade: "I have just seen your despatch to Gen. Halleck, asking to be relieved of your command, because of a supposed censure of mine. . . . But I was in such deep distress myself that I could not restrain some expression of it. . . . I do not believe you appreciate the magnitude of the misfortune involved in Lee's escape. He was within your easy grasp, and to have closed upon him would, in connection with our other late successes, have ended the war. . . . Your golden opportunity is gone, and I am distressed immeasurably because of it." [The letter was never signed or sent.] Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade, 14 July 1863, CW, 6:327-29.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

President Lincoln writes to Leonard Swett, whom he "authorized . . . to take possession of" the New Almaden Quicksilver Mine after the U.S. Supreme Court voided Andres Castillero's ownership claim. Lincoln rethinks the order concerning the Santa Clara County, California mine, and writes, "Many persons are telegraphing me from California, begging me, for the peace, of the State, to suspend the military enforcement of the writ of possession . . . while you are the single one who urges the contrary. You know I would like to oblige you, but it seems to me my duty . . . is the other way." Abraham Lincoln to Charles W. Rand, 8 May 1863, CW, 6:205-206; Abraham Lincoln to Leonard Swett, 15 July 1863, CW, 6:333-34; Milton H. Shutes, Abraham Lincoln and the New Almaden Mine (San Francisco, CA: Lawton R. Kennedy, 1936), 6-8.

Approves letter of J. R. Gilmore to Gov. Zebulon B. Vance (N.C.) regarding restoration of peace between states, reunion of states on basis of abolition of slavery, and reinstatement of Confederate citizens in all rights of citizenship. Endorsement on Letter of James R. Gilmore to Zebulon B. Vance, [15? July 1863], CW, 6:330-31.

Robert Lincoln quotes President as saying after Confederate army's escape following Battle of Gettysburg: "If I had gone up there I could have licked them myself." Nicolay, Lincoln's Secretary, 171; Hay, Letters and Diary.

President proclaims "Thursday the 6th. day of August next, to be observed as a day for National Thanksgiving, Praise and Prayer." Proclamation of Thanksgiving, 15 July 1863, CW, 6:332-33.



Browse Month

President interviews Gov. Carney (Kans.) regarding right of governor to appoint military officers. Abraham Lincoln to Thomas Carney, 21 July 1863, CW, 6:339-40.



Browse Month

President at cabinet meeting affirms his faith in Gen. Meade. Welles, Diary.

Directs Sec. Stanton to place governor of Kansas on same ground as other loyal governors in giving original commissions. Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 17 July 1863, CW, 6:335.



Browse Month

President and Judge Adv. Gen. Holt spend six hours reviewing courtmartial sentences. Lincoln averse to death sentence for cowardice. Hay, Letters and Diary; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:335; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:335; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:335-36; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:336; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:336; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:336; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:336; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:336; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:337.

To Hay, Lincoln remarks on case of Capt. James M. Cutts, Jr., (See October 26, 1863) charged with furtively watching woman undress, that Cutts should be elevated to "peerage" with title of "Count Peeper." Hay, Letters and Diary.

Lincoln's pronunciation resembles name of Count Piper, Swedish diplomat.



Browse Month

President in excellent humor; scribbles doggerel for John Hay. Hay, Letters and Diary.

Sec. Seward makes appointment for President with Lord Lyons at Soldiers' Home, 8:30 P.M. Seward to Lincoln, 17 July 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

President Lincoln writes to New Jersey Governor Joel Parker, who wrote to Lincoln with concerns about the new Enrollment Act. Parker wrote, "[N]o man can predict the results which might follow the enforcement of the draft in the present feverish state of the public mind. . . . I deem it my duty to state to you that there is a deep rooted hostility with many of the people of this state to the provisions of . . . the conscription act, which is liable to lead to popular outbreak if it be enforced." Lincoln answers, "It is a very delicate matter to postpone the draft in one State, because of the argument it furnishes others to have postponements also. . . . I wish to avoid the difficulties you dread, as much as yourself." Joel Parker to Abraham Lincoln, 15 July 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Abraham Lincoln to Joel Parker, 20 July 1863, CW, 6:337-38.

Congs. Lovejoy (Ill.) and Arnold (Ill.) discuss with Lincoln problems of slavery and Border States. Francis F. Browne, The Everyday Life of Abraham Lincoln (New York: Thompson, 1886), 533.

President recognizes Guillermo B. Newberry as consul of Peru at Boston. Washington Chronicle, 21 July 1863.



Browse Month

W. Butler and group of businessmen interview President to obtain privileges of trade. Abraham Lincoln to Salmon P. Chase, 21 July 1863, CW, 6:340.

Lincoln expresses confidence in Gen. Meade "as a brave and skillful officer." Abraham Lincoln to Oliver O. Howard, 21 July 1863, CW, 6:341-42; Hay, Letters and Diary.

Directs Sec. Stanton to renew effort "to raise colored forces along the shores of the Mississippi," and suggests Adjt. Gen. Thomas as one of best "instruments for this service." Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 21 July 1863, CW, 6:342.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

President unwell in morning. Scarcely takes food all day. Misses appointment with Gen. Schenck. Abraham Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 23 July 1863, CW, 6:345-46.

Suggests $2,500 as annual compensation for chief chemist of Agriculture Dept. Abraham Lincoln to Isaac Newton, 22 July 1863, CW, 6:343.

President Lincoln writes a letter of introduction for a Mr. Houston to present to the Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. Lincoln writes, "[the] bearer of this, now has three sons in the war. He wishes the youngest, Albert P. Houston, now in the 108th Ills regiment, at Vicksburg [Mississippi], transferred to the 1st West Tennessee regiment of Cavalry, at Bolivar [Tennessee] when last heard from, and in which is one of his elder brothers. I would like for him to be obliged." Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 22 July 1863, Henry Horner Lincoln Collection, Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, Springfield, IL.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

Lincoln interviews Nehemiah G. Ordway, chairman of Republican Central Committee of New Hampshire, regarding Col. Walter Harriman and equalization of draft. Ordway to Lincoln, 24 July 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 27 July 1863, CW, 6:352.

President Lincoln replies to a "very 'cross'" letter from Missouri Governor Hamilton R. Gamble. Lincoln admits that he did not read Gamble's letter because "I am trying to preserve my own temper, by avoiding irritants, so far as practicable." Gamble took offense at comments Lincoln made in a letter to General John M. Schofield concerning the contentious relationship between Gamble and Schofield's predecessor, General Samuel R. Curtis. Lincoln writes, "I was totally unconscious of any malice, or disrespect towards you, or of using any expression which should offend you, if seen by you." Abraham Lincoln to John M. Schofield, 27 May 1863, CW, 6:234; Daily Missouri Democrat (St. Louis), 27 June 1863, 1:1; Hamilton R. Gamble to Abraham Lincoln, 13 July 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Abraham Lincoln to Hamilton R. Gamble, 23 July 1863, CW, 6:344-45; Michael Burlingame and John R. Turner Ettlinger, Inside Lincoln's White House: The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997), 66-67.

Writes Gen. Schenck to clear up any misunderstanding about their meeting. "I beg you will not believe I have treated you with intentional discourtesy." Abraham Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 23 July 1863, CW, 6:345-46.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

At cabinet meeting inquiries are made about army, but no information is communicated. Sec. Seward confers with President for an hour before meeting. Welles, Diary.

President suspends action in six courtmartial cases of men sentenced to be shot for desertion. Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 24 July 1863, CW, 6:347.

President Lincoln writes to Postmaster General Montgomery Blair regarding job openings. Lincoln writes, "Yesterday little indorsements of mine went to you in two cases of Post-Masterships sought for widows whose husbands have fallen in . . . battles . . . These cases occurring on the same day, brought me to reflect more attentively than I had before done, as to what is fairly due from us here, in the dispensing of patronage . . . My conclusion is that, other claims and qualifications being equal, they have the better right; and this is especially applicable to the disabled soldier, and the deceased soldier's family." Abraham Lincoln to Montgomery Blair, 24 July 1863, CW, 6:346; New York Daily Tribune, 29 July 1863, 1;2.



Browse Month

At night John Hay accompanies President to Soldiers' Home. Hay, Letters and Diary.

Lincoln explains to Gov. Parker (N.J.) that it would breed trouble to "have a special stipulation with the Governor of any one State" regarding draft quotas. "As it stands, the best I can say is, that every volunteer you will present us within thirty days from this date . . . shall be, pro-tanto—an abatement of your quota of the draft." Abraham Lincoln to Joel Parker, 25 July 1863, CW, 6:347-48.

Orders Sec. Welles to: 1. cease "using any neutral port, to watch neutral vessels, and then to dart out and seize them on their departure"; 2. cease detaining "the crew of a captured neutral vessel . . . on board such vessel, as prisoners of war." Abraham Lincoln to Gideon Welles, 25 July 1863, CW, 6:348-50.



Browse Month

Sec. Welles confers with President about reinforcements for Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore who is cooperating with Rear Adm. Dahlgren in siege of Charleston. Welles, Diary.



Browse Month

Joseph J. Grimshaw calls and asks President to make Col. Arthur H. Grimshaw a brigadier general. Memorandum: Appointment of Arthur H. Grimshaw, 27 July 1863, CW, 6:351.

Lincoln inquires of Gen. Meade: "I have not thrown Gen. Hooker away; and therefore I would like to know whether, it would be agreeable to you, all things considered, for him to take a corps under you, if he himself is willing to do so." Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade, 27 July 1863, CW, 6:350.

Explains to Gen. Burnside that Gen. Grant said he would return IX Corps. "Grant is a copious worker, and fighter, but a very meagre writer, or telegrapher. No doubt he changed his purpose in regard to the Ninth Corps, for some sufficient reason, but has forgotten to notify us of it." Abraham Lincoln to Ambrose E. Burnside, 27 July 1863, CW, 6:350.



Browse Month

Lincoln telegraphs Mrs. Lincoln in New York: "Bob went to Fort-Monroe & only got back to-day. Will start to you at 11. AM tomorrow. All well." Abraham Lincoln to Mary Todd Lincoln, 28 July 1863, CW, 6:353.

Recommends to Sec. Stanton that wounded Confederate, Capt. Robert Brown, prisoner in Gettysburg, be transferred to care of relatives in Washington. Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 23 July 1863, CW, 6:353.



Browse Month

Lincoln authorizes Gen. Halleck to inform Gen. Meade that government is not "demanding of him to bring on a general engagement with Lee as soon as possible." Abraham Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, 29 July 1863, CW, 6:354.

Requests sec. of war to consult with general in chief on subject of organizing force to go to western Texas. Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 29 July 1863, CW, 6:354-55.

Deposits July 1862 salary warrant for $2,083.33 in Riggs Bank. Pratt, Personal Finances, 182.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

President Lincoln signs an Oder of Retaliation in which he outlines measures "to give protection to . . . citizens, of whatever class, color, or condition, and especially to those who are duly organized as soldiers in the public service." Lincoln pledges, "The government of the United States will give the same protection to all its soldiers, and if the enemy shall sell or enslave anyone because of his color, the offense shall be punished by retaliation upon the enemy's prisoners in our possession." Order of Retaliation, 30 July 1863, CW, 6:357.

Writes F. P. Blair, Sr.: "Yesterday I commenced trying to get up an expedition for Texas. I shall do the best I can." Abraham Lincoln to Francis P. Blair, Sr., 30 July 1863, CW, 6:356.



Browse Month

President sends condolences to Frederick VII, King of Denmark, on death of Prince Frederick Ferdinand. Abraham Lincoln to Frederick VII, 31 July 1863, CW, 6:357-58.

Interviews L. H. Chandler acting as counsel for Dr. David M. Wright of Norfolk in murder case before military commission. Chandler to Lincoln, 1 August 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Cabinet listens for two hours to report presented by Col. John A. Rawlins on capture of Vicksburg, Miss. Welles, Diary.

Lincoln asks Gen. Hurlbut to reconsider question of resigning. Hay, Letters and Diary; Abraham Lincoln to Stephen A. Hurlbut, 31 July 1863, CW, 6:358-59.

Writes Samuel W. Moulton, enrollment commissioner for 10th District of Illinois: "Your removal has been strongly urged on the ground of 'presistent disobedience of orders and neglect of duty.' . . . I consider your services in your district valuable, and should be sorry to lose them. . . . I hope you will conclude to go on in your present position under the regulations of the Department." Abraham Lincoln to Samuel W. Moulton, 31 July 1863, CW, 6:359-60.