|Wednesday, July 1, 1863.|
President visits Sec.
Stanton in reference to Surg. William D. Stewart, dismissed for being
absent without leave. Abraham
Lincoln to Benjamin B. French, 1 July 1863,
|Thursday, July 2, 1863.|
In morning Sec. Welles finds Lincoln at War Dept. reading dispatches
from Gen. Meade.
"Lincoln was in the telegraph office hour after hour during those
anxious days and nights."
Bates, Telegraph Office, 155.
to pay advertising bill of "National
Republican." It is "a source of trouble to me."
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 2 July 1863, CW, 6:313.
|Friday, July 3, 1863.|
Sec. Welles meets President and Sec. Seward at War Dept. during
morning, examining dispatches from Gen. Meade. Welles,
Mrs. Lincoln receives head injury
when thrown from carriage during drive to Soldiers' Home. Helm, Mary, 211-12.
President Lincoln telegraphs his son Robert, who attends Harvard
University, regarding Robert's mother, Mary. Lincoln advises, "Dont be uneasy.
Your mother very slightly hurt by her fall." The day prior, Mary Lincoln
suffered injuries from a carriage accident. A newspaper reports, "Her horses
took fright and ran away as she was riding from the Soldier's Home to the city.
Seeing her imminent danger she leaped from the carriage, and was stunned and
severely bruised, but no bones were broken. Surgeons from Mount Pleasant
Hospital were promptly in attendance. She soon recovered sufficiently to be
taken to the White House." Abraham Lincoln to Robert T.
Lincoln, 3 July 1863, CW, 6:314;
New York Times, 3 July 1863, 5:2.
Sends order to
Gen. Burnside: "Private [John] Downey, of the Twentieth or Twenty-sixth
Kentucky Infantry, is said to have been sentenced to be shot for desertion
to-day. If so, respite the execution until I can see the record."
Abraham Lincoln to Ambrose E.
Burnside, 3 July 1863, CW,
|Saturday, July 4, 1863.|
At 10 A.M. President issues press release announcing that "news from
the Army of the Potomac, up to 10 P.M. of the 3rd. is such as to
cover that Army with the highest honor."
Announcement of News From Gettysburg, 4 July 1863, CW, 6:314.
Gen. Haupt rushes from Gettysburg and confers with Lincoln and Gen.
Halleck on military matters.
Flower, Stanton, 201.
Archimedes C. Dickson, Springfield (Ill.) friend known as "Dick,"
calls at White House as salesman to interest Lincoln in Absterdam
projectile patterned after Dyer's rifle shell, "distinguished chiefly
by a cup or sabot of soft metal at the base, which was supposed to
expand and take the grooves like a Minié bullet."
Bruce, Tools of War, 257-58.
Union League of Philadelphia presents gold medal to President.
LL, No. 1188.
In evening Sec. Welles receives dispatch from Alexander H. Stephens,
Vice President of Confederate States of America; shows it to
Mrs. Lincoln assists W. C. Stoddard in preparation of Fourth of July
celebration in White House grounds.
William O. Stoddard, Inside the White House in War Times (New York: C. L. Webster, 1890), 206-9.
President writes Acting Rear Adm. Samuel P. Lee (USN): "The request
of A. H. Stephens is inadmissible. The customary agents and channels
are adequate for all needful communication and conference between the
United States forces and the insurgents." [In the absence of the
original, it is not certain that Lincoln composed or signed this, and
that it was prepared on July 4, 1863 may be questioned.]
Abraham Lincoln to Samuel P. Lee, 4 July 1863, CW, 6:317.
Writes Gen. Schenck at Baltimore: "Your despatches about negro
regiment are not uninteresting or unnoticed by us, but we have not
been quite ready to respond. You will have an answer tomorrow."
Abraham Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 4 July 1863, CW, 6:317.
|Sunday, July 5, 1863.|
11 A.M. Principal discussion at cabinet meeting is request of
A. H. Stephens for permission to proceed to Washington for interview with
President. Welles, Diary.
In the afternoon,
President Lincoln and his son, Tad, visit General Daniel E. Sickles, who is
recovering in Washington. During the battle at Gettysburg on July 2, Sickles
received a severe injury to his right leg prompting surgeons to remove the leg
to a point "five inches above the knee." A newspaper reports, "[Lincoln, Tad,]
and a mounted escort, rode on horseback to Gen. Sickles' door." Lincoln
"congratulated him on his ability and courage, and expressed the greatest
regret that [Sickles's] . . . wound . . . rendered amputation necessary."
Washington Chronicle, 6 July 1863;
Evening Star (Washington, DC), 6 July 1863, 3:2; New York
Times, 6 July 1863, 4:5.
|Monday, July 6, 1863.|
Special cabinet meeting at 9 A.M. continues consideration of A. H.
Stephens' mission and decides that he should communicate through
prescribed military channels.
Lincoln leaves telegraph office in War Dept. and arrives at Soldiers'
Home about 7 P.M.
Abraham Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, 6 July 1863, CW, 6:318.
Receives June salary warrant for $2,022.33.
Pratt, Personal Finances, 182.
Suggests to Gen. Halleck that he look to movements of Army of
Potomac. Does Gen. Meade intend to cover Baltimore and Washington,
and get enemy across river again without further collision, or does
he plan to prevent his crossing and to destroy him?
Abraham Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, 6 July 1863, CW, 6:318.
|Tuesday, July 7, 1863.|
Lincoln at telegraph office in morning receives Gen. Grant's
dispatch announcing capture of Vicksburg, Miss. Bates,
Telegraph Office, 156;
Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, [7 July 1863],
President Hamlin and Senators from Maine confer with President and urge better
New England coastal defense against piratical depredations of enemy. Abraham
Lincoln to Gideon Welles, 7 July 1863, CW, 6:320-21.
meeting President appears despondent because Gen. Meade has lingered at
Gettysburg. At 12:40 P.M. Sec. Welles gives President telegram from Acting Rear
Adm. David D. Porter [for retroactive promotion see December 8, 1863]
announcing surrender of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863. Welles,
In evening, upon
learning of the Union Army's victory at Vicksburg, Mississippi, "a procession
with bands of music proceed[s] to the Executive Mansion." A newspaper reports,
"a crowd enthusiastically cheered the President, [who] . . . appeared at an upper
window." Lincoln remarks that it is fitting that the Vicksburg victory occurred
on the "Fourth of July just passed," when defeat came to "those who opposed the
declaration that all men are created equal." Lincoln "praise[s] . . . the many
brave officers and soldiers who have fought in the cause of the Union." Response
to a Serenade, 7 July 1863, CW,
6:319-20; New York Daily Tribune (NY), 8 July 1863, 5:3;
The New York Times (NY), 8 July 1863, 8:1-2; Daily
Morning Chronicle (Washington, D.C.), 8 July 1863, 2:2-3.
|Wednesday, July 8, 1863.|
President recognizes Heinrich
Otto Sigmund Cuntz as consul of Grand Duchy of Oldenburg for state of
Massachusetts and Henry Bream as vice consul of Denmark for New York,
Connecticut, and parts of New Jersey. Washington Chronicle, 13 July
A few days after the Gettysburg, Pennsylvania battle,
President Lincoln responds to a telegram that Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas
sent to the Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
regarding Union troops in pursuit of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's army.
Lincoln writes, "The forces you speak of, will be of no immagineable service,
if they can not go forward with a little more expedition." Lincoln explains
that the troops must move quickly or they "will, in my unprofessional opinion,
be quite as likely to capture the Man-in-the Moon, as any part of Lee's Army."
Lincoln to Lorenzo Thomas, 8 July 1863, CW, 6:321-22.
F. Low, collector of port of San Francisco, of Gen. Meade's victory at
Gettysburg and Gen. Grant's victory at Vicksburg, Miss. Abraham
Lincoln to Frederick F. Low, 8 July 1863, CW, 6:321.
Answers dispatch of
U.S. District Attorney E. D. Smith (N.Y.): "Capture of Vicksburg confirmed by
despatch from Gen. Grant himself." Abraham
Lincoln to E. Delafield Smith, 8 July 1863,
instructs Leonard Swett and F. F. Low to avoid riot in taking possession of New
Almaden Quicksilver Mine in California. Abraham
Lincoln to Leonard Swett and Frederick F. Low, 9 July 1863,
McCleary, counterfeiter, and Victor La Waer, convicted of attempting to incite
soldiers to desert. Washington Chronicle, 10 July 1863.
|Friday, July 10, 1863.|
At Soldiers' Home, President interviews A. C. Dickson, Orloff A.
Zane, and John Absterdam regarding Absterdam shell.
Bruce, Tools of War, 259.
Assures Gen. Sickles that no III Corps disaster has been reported.
Abraham Lincoln to Daniel E. Sickles, 10 July 1863, CW, 6:322-23.
|Saturday, July 11, 1863.|
"The President seemed in specially good humor today, as he had
pretty good evidence that the enemy were still on the north side of the
Potomac, and Meade had announced his intention of attacking them in the
morning." Hay, Letters and
President Lincoln writes to his friend Illinois
State Auditor Jesse K. Dubois, of Springfield, Illinois. Dubois had telegraphed
Lincoln seeking the outcome of the battle at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Lincoln
writes, "After three days fighting . . . [Confederate General Robert E.] Lee
withdrew and made for the Potomac [River] . . . he found the river so swolen as
to prevent his crossing . . . he is still this side near Hagerstown and
Williamsport, preparing to defend himself . . . I am more than satisfied with
what has happened North of the Potomac so far, and am anxious and hopeful for
what is to come." Abraham Lincoln to Jesse K. Dubois,
11 July 1863, CW, 6:323.
Calls at Navy Ordnance Bureau and orders trial of Absterdam shell as soon as
possible. Bruce, Tools of
President Lincoln writes to New York Governor
Horatio Seymour regarding the court martial of Captain John N. Riedenbach, of
the 158th New York Volunteers. Lincoln writes, "The evidence shows a good deal
of boistrous misconduct, during a single case of intoxication; and I incline to
think he does not habitually get in that condition. But I have not the legal
power . . . to restore him to his office, nor would I do it . . . without a
better knowledge of his character . . . I write this merely to say that if the
Governor of New-York shall choose to appoint him to the same or another
Military office, the disability is hereby removed, enabling him to do so."
Abraham Lincoln to Horatio Seymour, 11 July 1863, CW,
Telegraphs Robert Lincoln: "Come to Washington."
Abraham Lincoln to Robert T.
Lincoln, 11 July 1863, CW,
Inquires of Gen. Schenck: "How many rebel prisoners,
captured within Maryland & Pennsylvania, have reached Baltimore within this
month of July?" Abraham Lincoln to Robert C.
Schenck, 11 July 1863, CW,
|Sunday, July 12, 1863.|
Lincoln at telegraph office receives word of Gen. Meade's plan to
attack tomorrow. Paces floor, wringing his hands and muttering, "Too
Bates, Telegraph Office, 157.
Assures Gen. Schenck that Gen. Isaac R. Trimble (CSA) has not been
imprisoned in Baltimore for fear traitorous associates will contact
Abraham Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 12 July 1863, CW, 6:325.
|Monday, July 13, 1863.|
President receives call for help to subdue mob resisting draft in New York.
John Jay and others to Lincoln, 13 July 1863, Robert Todd Lincoln Collection of Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Sec. Welles calls on President and suggests that Acting Rear Adm.
Porter be made rear admiral.
Lincoln writes Gen. Grant: "I do not remember that you and I ever met
personally. I write this now as a grateful acknowledgment for the
almost inestimable service you have done the country. . . . When you
got below, and took Port-Gibson, Grand Gulf, and vicinity, I thought
you should go down the river and join Gen. Banks; and when you turned
Northward East of the Big Black, I feared it was a mistake. I now
wish to make the personal acknowledgment that you were right, and I
Abraham Lincoln to Ulysses S. Grant, 13 July 1863, CW, 6:326.
Writes Gen. Schofield in St. Louis: "I regret to learn of the arrest
of the Democrat editor. . . . but I care very little for the
publication of any letter I have written. Please spare me the trouble
this is likely to bring."
Abraham Lincoln to John M. Schofield, [13 July] 1863, CW, 6:326-27.
cabinet meeting President learns that Gen. R. E. Lee has crossed into Virginia.
Sec. Welles walks to War Dept. with Lincoln, who is depressed by Lee's escape.
Two hours later Welles returns to War Dept. and finds Lincoln there lying on
sofa, dejected and discouraged. Welles, Diary.
After noon Lincoln
visits Navy Yard and witnesses firing of 20 Absterdam shells from army field
gun. Bruce, Tools of War,
President recognizes Carlos Enrique Leland as vice consul
of Oriental Republic of Uruguay at New York. Washington Chronicle, 16
Telegraphs Robert Lincoln in New York: "Why do I
hear no more of you?" Abraham
Lincoln to Robert T. Lincoln, 14 July 1863,
Meade: "I have just seen your despatch to Gen. Halleck, asking to be relieved
of your command, because of a supposed censure of mine. . . . But I was in such
deep distress myself that I could not restrain some expression of it. . . . I
do not believe you appreciate the magnitude of the misfortune involved in Lee's
escape. He was within your easy grasp, and to have closed upon him would, in
connection with our other late successes, have ended the war. . . . Your golden
opportunity is gone, and I am distressed immeasurably because of it." [The
letter was never signed or sent.] Abraham
Lincoln to George G. Meade, 14 July 1863, CW, 6:327-29.
|Wednesday, July 15, 1863.|
President Lincoln writes to Leonard Swett, whom he "authorized
. . . to take possession of" the New Almaden Quicksilver Mine after the U.S.
Supreme Court voided Andres Castillero's ownership claim. Lincoln rethinks the
order concerning the Santa Clara County, California mine, and writes, "Many
persons are telegraphing me from California, begging me, for the peace, of the
State, to suspend the military enforcement of the writ of possession . . .
while you are the single one who urges the contrary. You know I would like to
oblige you, but it seems to me my duty . . . is the other way."
Abraham Lincoln to Charles W. Rand, 8 May
1863, CW, 6:205-206;
Abraham Lincoln to Leonard Swett,
15 July 1863, CW, 6:333-34; Milton H.
Shutes, Abraham Lincoln and the New Almaden Mine (San Francisco,
CA: Lawton R. Kennedy, 1936), 6-8.
Approves letter of J. R.
Gilmore to Gov. Zebulon B. Vance (N.C.) regarding restoration of peace between
states, reunion of states on basis of abolition of slavery, and reinstatement
of Confederate citizens in all rights of citizenship. Endorsement on Letter of James R. Gilmore
to Zebulon B. Vance, [15? July 1863], CW, 6:330-31.
quotes President as saying after Confederate army's escape following Battle of
Gettysburg: "If I had gone up there I could have licked them myself."
Secretary, 171; Hay, Letters and
President proclaims "Thursday the 6th. day of
August next, to be observed as a day for National Thanksgiving, Praise and
Prayer." Proclamation of Thanksgiving, 15
July 1863, CW, 6:332-33.
|Thursday, July 16, 1863.|
President interviews Gov. Carney (Kans.) regarding right of governor
to appoint military officers.
Abraham Lincoln to Thomas Carney, 21 July 1863, CW, 6:339-40.
|Friday, July 17, 1863.|
President at cabinet meeting affirms his faith in Gen. Meade.
to place governor of Kansas on same ground as
other loyal governors in giving original commissions.
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 17 July 1863, CW, 6:335.
|Saturday, July 18, 1863.|
President and Judge Adv. Gen. Holt spend six hours reviewing
courtmartial sentences. Lincoln averse to death sentence for
Hay, Letters and Diary; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:335; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:335; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:335-36; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:336; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:336; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:336; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:336; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:336; Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 18 July 1863, CW, 6:337.
To Hay, Lincoln remarks on case of Capt. James M. Cutts, Jr., (See
October 26, 1863) charged with furtively watching woman undress, that
Cutts should be elevated to "peerage" with title of "Count Peeper."
Hay, Letters and Diary.
Lincoln's pronunciation resembles name of Count Piper, Swedish diplomat.
|Sunday, July 19, 1863.|
President in excellent humor; scribbles doggerel for John Hay.
Hay, Letters and Diary.
Sec. Seward makes appointment for President with Lord Lyons at
Soldiers' Home, 8:30 P.M.
Seward to Lincoln, 17 July 1863, Robert Todd Lincoln Collection of Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
|Monday, July 20, 1863.|
President Lincoln writes to New Jersey Governor Joel Parker,
who wrote to Lincoln with concerns about the new Enrollment Act. Parker wrote,
"[N]o man can predict the results which might follow the enforcement of the
draft in the present feverish state of the public mind. . . . I deem it my duty
to state to you that there is a deep rooted hostility with many of the people
of this state to the provisions of . . . the conscription act, which is liable
to lead to popular outbreak if it be enforced." Lincoln answers, "It is a very
delicate matter to postpone the draft in one State, because of the argument it
furnishes others to have postponements also. . . . I wish to avoid the
difficulties you dread, as much as yourself." Joel Parker
to Abraham Lincoln, 15 July 1863, Robert Todd Lincoln Collection of Abraham
Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC;
Abraham Lincoln to Joel Parker, 20
July 1863, CW, 6:337-38.
Congs. Lovejoy (Ill.) and Arnold (Ill.) discuss with Lincoln problems of
slavery and Border States. Francis F. Browne, The
Everyday Life of Abraham Lincoln (New York: Thompson, 1886),
President recognizes Guillermo B. Newberry as consul of
Peru at Boston. Washington Chronicle, 21 July 1863.
|Tuesday, July 21, 1863.|
W. Butler and group of businessmen interview President to obtain
privileges of trade.
Abraham Lincoln to Salmon P. Chase, 21 July 1863, CW, 6:340.
Lincoln expresses confidence in Gen. Meade "as a brave and skillful officer."
Abraham Lincoln to Oliver O. Howard, 21 July 1863, CW, 6:341-42; Hay, Letters and Diary.
to renew effort "to raise colored forces along
the shores of the Mississippi," and suggests Adjt. Gen. Thomas as one
of best "instruments for this service."
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 21 July 1863, CW, 6:342.
|Wednesday, July 22, 1863.|
President unwell in morning.
Scarcely takes food all day. Misses appointment with Gen. Schenck. Abraham
Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 23 July 1863,
$2,500 as annual compensation for chief chemist of Agriculture Dept. Abraham
Lincoln to Isaac Newton, 22 July 1863, CW, 6:343.
writes a letter of introduction for a Mr. Houston to present to the Secretary
of War Edwin M. Stanton. Lincoln writes, "[the] bearer of this, now has three
sons in the war. He wishes the youngest, Albert P. Houston, now in the 108th
Ills regiment, at Vicksburg [Mississippi], transferred to the 1st West
Tennessee regiment of Cavalry, at Bolivar [Tennessee] when last heard from, and
in which is one of his elder brothers. I would like for him to be obliged."
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 22 July 1863, Henry Horner Lincoln
Collection, Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, Springfield, IL.
|Thursday, July 23, 1863.|
Lincoln interviews Nehemiah G. Ordway, chairman of Republican
Central Committee of New Hampshire, regarding Col. Walter Harriman and
equalization of draft. Ordway to Lincoln, 24 July 1863,
Robert Todd Lincoln Collection of Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress,
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M.
Stanton, 27 July 1863, CW,
President Lincoln replies to a "very 'cross'" letter
from Missouri Governor Hamilton R. Gamble. Lincoln admits that he did not read
Gamble's letter because "I am trying to preserve my own temper, by avoiding
irritants, so far as practicable." Gamble took offense at comments Lincoln made
in a letter to General John M. Schofield concerning the contentious
relationship between Gamble and Schofield's predecessor, General Samuel R.
Curtis. Lincoln writes, "I was totally unconscious of any malice, or disrespect
towards you, or of using any expression which should offend you, if seen by
you." Abraham Lincoln to John M. Schofield, 27
May 1863, CW, 6:234; Daily Missouri Democrat (St.
Louis), 27 June 1863, 1:1; Hamilton R. Gamble to Abraham Lincoln, 13 July 1863,
Robert Todd Lincoln Collection of Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress,
Abraham Lincoln to Hamilton R.
Gamble, 23 July 1863, CW,
6:344-45; Michael Burlingame and John R. Turner Ettlinger,
Inside Lincoln's White House: The Complete Civil War
Diary of John Hay (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press,
Writes Gen. Schenck to clear up any
misunderstanding about their meeting. "I beg you will not believe I have
treated you with intentional discourtesy." Abraham Lincoln to Robert C.
Schenck, 23 July 1863, CW,
|Friday, July 24, 1863.|
At cabinet meeting inquiries are made about army, but no
information is communicated. Sec. Seward confers with President for an hour
before meeting. Welles, Diary.
action in six courtmartial cases of men sentenced to be shot for desertion.
Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Holt, 24
July 1863, CW, 6:347.
President Lincoln writes to Postmaster General Montgomery Blair regarding job
openings. Lincoln writes, "Yesterday little indorsements of mine went to you in
two cases of Post-Masterships sought for widows whose husbands have fallen in .
. . battles . . . These cases occurring on the same day, brought me to reflect
more attentively than I had before done, as to what is fairly due from us here,
in the dispensing of patronage . . . My conclusion is that, other claims and
qualifications being equal, they have the better right; and this is especially
applicable to the disabled soldier, and the deceased soldier's family."
Abraham Lincoln to Montgomery
Blair, 24 July 1863, CW, 6:346;
New York Daily Tribune, 29 July 1863, 1;2.
|Saturday, July 25, 1863.|
At night John Hay accompanies President to Soldiers' Home.
Hay, Letters and Diary.
Lincoln explains to Gov. Parker (N.J.) that it would breed trouble to
"have a special stipulation with the Governor of any one State"
regarding draft quotas. "As it stands, the best I can say is, that
every volunteer you will present us within thirty days from this date
. . . shall be, pro-tanto—an abatement of your quota of the
Abraham Lincoln to Joel Parker, 25 July 1863, CW, 6:347-48.
Orders Sec. Welles to: 1. cease "using any neutral port, to watch
neutral vessels, and then to dart out and seize them on their
departure"; 2. cease detaining "the crew of a captured neutral vessel
. . . on board such vessel, as prisoners of war."
Abraham Lincoln to Gideon Welles, 25 July 1863, CW, 6:348-50.
confers with President about reinforcements for Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore who is
cooperating with Rear Adm. Dahlgren in siege of Charleston. Welles,
|Monday, July 27, 1863.|
Joseph J. Grimshaw calls and asks President to make Col. Arthur H.
Grimshaw a brigadier general.
Memorandum: Appointment of Arthur H. Grimshaw, 27 July 1863, CW, 6:351.
Lincoln inquires of Gen. Meade: "I have not thrown Gen. Hooker away;
and therefore I would like to know whether, it would be agreeable to
you, all things considered, for him to take a corps under you, if he
himself is willing to do so."
Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade, 27 July 1863, CW, 6:350.
Explains to Gen. Burnside that Gen. Grant said he would return IX
Corps. "Grant is a copious worker, and fighter, but a very meagre
writer, or telegrapher. No doubt he changed his purpose in regard to
the Ninth Corps, for some sufficient reason, but has forgotten to
notify us of it."
Abraham Lincoln to Ambrose E. Burnside, 27 July 1863, CW, 6:350.
|Tuesday, July 28, 1863.|
Lincoln telegraphs Mrs. Lincoln in New York: "Bob went to Fort-Monroe
& only got back to-day. Will start to you at 11. AM tomorrow. All
Abraham Lincoln to Mary Todd Lincoln, 28 July 1863, CW, 6:353.
that wounded Confederate, Capt. Robert
Brown, prisoner in Gettysburg, be transferred to care of relatives in
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 23 July 1863, CW, 6:353.
|Wednesday, July 29, 1863.|
Lincoln authorizes Gen. Halleck to inform Gen. Meade that government
is not "demanding of him to bring on a general engagement with Lee as
soon as possible."
Abraham Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, 29 July 1863, CW, 6:354.
Requests sec. of war to consult with general in chief on subject of
organizing force to go to western Texas.
Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 29 July 1863, CW, 6:354-55.
Deposits July 1862 salary warrant for $2,083.33 in Riggs Bank.
Pratt, Personal Finances, 182.
|Thursday, July 30, 1863.|
President Lincoln signs an Oder
of Retaliation in which he outlines measures "to give protection to . . . citizens,
of whatever class, color, or condition, and especially to those who are duly
organized as soldiers in the public service." Lincoln pledges, "The government
of the United States will give the same protection to all its soldiers, and if
the enemy shall sell or enslave anyone because of his color, the offense shall
be punished by retaliation upon the enemy's prisoners in our possession."
of Retaliation, 30 July 1863, CW,
Writes F. P. Blair, Sr.: "Yesterday I commenced trying
to get up an expedition for Texas. I shall do the best I can." Abraham
Lincoln to Francis P. Blair, Sr., 30 July 1863,
condolences to Frederick VII, King of Denmark, on death of Prince Frederick
Lincoln to Frederick VII, 31 July 1863, CW, 6:357-58.
Interviews L. H.
Chandler acting as counsel for Dr. David M. Wright of Norfolk in murder case
before military commission. Chandler to Lincoln, 1 August 1863, Robert
Todd Lincoln Collection of Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress,
Cabinet listens for two hours to report
presented by Col. John A. Rawlins on capture of Vicksburg, Miss. Welles,
Lincoln asks Gen.
Hurlbut to reconsider question of resigning. Hay,
Letters and Diary;
Lincoln to Stephen A. Hurlbut, 31 July 1863,
Samuel W. Moulton, enrollment commissioner for 10th District of Illinois: "Your
removal has been strongly urged on the ground of 'presistent disobedience of
orders and neglect of duty.' . . . I consider your services in your district
valuable, and should be sorry to lose them. . . . I hope you will conclude to
go on in your present position under the regulations of the Department." Abraham
Lincoln to Samuel W. Moulton, 31 July 1863,