|Wednesday, April 1, 1863.|
President interviews John B. S. Todd whose commission expired
July 17, 1862, and promises to nominate him again for brigadier general, if one
or two senators agree to change their votes. Todd to
Cameron, 2 April 1863, Simon Cameron Papers, Library of Congress, Washington,
Confers with Gov. Edward Salomon (Wis.) regarding
establishment of U.S. general hospital in that state. DNA—WR RG 94, Adjt. Gen. Off., Letters Received, Misc.
Branch, XXXIX, Sup. 1, 1064.
Discusses Missouri affairs with S.
T. Glover and Atty. Gen. Bates. Bates,
writes to Major General David Hunter regarding Hunter's deployment of black
soldiers at Jacksonville, Florida. Lincoln writes, "It is important to the
enemy that such a force shall not take shape, and grow, and
thrive, in the South; and in precisely the same proportion, it is important to
us that it shall. Hence the utmost caution and vigilance is
necessary on our part. The enemy will make extra efforts to destroy them; and
we should do the same to preserve and increase them." Abraham Lincoln to David Hunter, 1
April 1863, CW, 6:158.
|Thursday, April 2, 1863.|
President by proclamation reduces scope of commercial intercourse
with insurrectionary states.
Proclamation about Commercial Intercourse, 2 April 1863, CW, 6:159-60.
Convinces Sec. Welles that Rear Adm. Farragut's position should be
strengthened. Accordingly Welles orders Rear Adm. Du Pont to send all
but two ironclads to New Orleans as soon as Charleston surrenders.
Gustavus V. Fox, Confidential Correspondence of Gustavus Vasa Fox, 2 vols. (New York: n.p., 1918), 1:197; West, Welles, 231.
President and Mrs. Lincoln receive at public White House reception.
Jane Grey Swisshelm, abolitionist journalist, meets Lincoln for first
Frank Klement, "Jane Grey Swisshelm and Lincoln: A Feminist Fusses and Frets," Abraham Lincoln Quarterly 6 (December 1950):234-35.
In evening President calls at Welles' house to read letter prepared
by Welles concerning privateers.
Deposits June 1862 salary warrant for $2,083.33 in Riggs Bank.
Pratt, Personal Finances, 182.
|Friday, April 3, 1863.|
Mr. Martin, Philadelphia artist, is engaged in painting
full-length portraits of President and his two sons. Washington Chronicle, 3 April 1863.
meeting Secs. Welles and Seward discuss letters of marque. Welles, Diary.
President Lincoln telegraphs Commander of the Army of the Potomac Major
General Joseph Hooker concerning Lincoln's upcoming visit to Hooker's
headquarters. Lincoln and others will depart the next evening "on the boat; go
over from Acquia-creek to your camp Sunday morning; remain with you till
Tuesday morning, and then return. Our party will probably not exceed six
persons of all sorts." Lincoln's traveling companions include his wife Mary,
their son Tad, Attorney General Edward Bates, and journalist Noah Brooks.
Howard K. Beale, ed., The Diary of Edward Bates
1859-1866 (Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office,
Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Hooker, 3
April 1863, CW, 6:161.
|Saturday, April 4, 1863.|
DC and En route to General Hooker's
President receives several members of
Joint Committee on Conduct of War. Washington Star, 4 April 1863.
Recognizes George Papendick as consul of Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg
Schwerin. Washington Star, 8 April 1863.
Sec. Welles and Asst. Sec. Fox about granting letters of marque to applicant.
Gideon Welles, Lincoln and Seward: Remarks upon the Memorial
Address of Chas. Francis Adams, on the Late Wm. H. Seward (New York:
Sheldon, 1874), 163-64.
Congratulates Isabel II, Queen of
Spain, on birth of son to Infanta Maria Christina. Abraham
Lincoln to Isabel II, 4 April 1863, CW, 6:162.
Davis who asks for appointment of her brother, John M. K. Davis, to West Point.
Appointment of John M. K. Davis, 4 April 1863,
party consisting of Mrs. Lincoln and Tad, Noah
Brooks, California journalist, Dr. Henry, Atty. Gen. Bates, and Capt Medorem
Crawford of Oregon leave Navy Yard about 5 P.M. aboard steamer "Carrie Martin."
Snowstorm forces them to stop for night in cove on Potomac opposite Indian
Head, Md. Bates, Diary.
"Castine" [Noah Brooks], Washington, April 12, 1863, in Sacramento Union,
May 8, 1863. Lincoln writes memorandum on harbor defenses: "I have a single
idea of my own about harbor defences. It is a Steam-ram, built so as to
sacrifice nearly all capacity for carrying, to those of speed and strength. . .
. her business would be to guard a particular harbour, as a Bull-dog guards his
master's door." Memorandum
Concerning Harbor Defenses, 4 April 1863, CW, 6:163.
Aquia Creek, VA, Falmouth, VA,
and General Hooker's Headquarters.
party of six arrive mouth of Aquia Creek Sunday morning. Board special train 10
A.M. and reach Gen. Hooker's headquarters at Falmouth about noon.
Washington Star, 6 April 1863.
Occupy three large
hospital tents. Brooks, Washington, 48.
"rebel papers" for news of Charleston. Noah Brooks, "Personal
Reminiscences of Lincoln," Scribner's Monthly 15
|Monday, April 6, 1863.|
Grand review postponed because of weather. Washington
Chronicle, 7 April 1863.
President rides horseback from place
to place visiting disabled soldiers. Brooks,
Lincoln, his wife Mary, their son Tad, Attorney General Edward Bates, and
others visit the Army of the Potomac's headquarters. A newspaper reports, "The
visit . . . has served to relieve the monotony of camp life . . . It is
pleasant also to see a lady in the camp, and Mrs. Lincoln probably had a new
experience in sleeping for the first time in her life in a tent." Bates
recalled that the presidential party "attended the review of Cavalry—in
grand style . . . over 10.000 cavalry—the grandest sight I ever saw."
Evening Star (Washington, DC), 7 April 1863,
2:1; Howard K. Beale, ed, The Diary of Edward Bates 1859-1866
(Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1933),
Receives March salary warrant for $2,022.33.
|Tuesday, April 7, 1863.|
President authorizes Asst. Sec. Watson to perform duties of secretary
of war in absence of
Authorization for Peter H. Watson, 7 April 1863, CW, 6:165.
At Gen. Sickles' headquarters for review of troops President receives
kiss from Princess Salm-Salm, whose husband is colonel with New York
Philippe Régis D. Trobriand, Four Years with the Army of the Potomac (Boston: Ticknor, 1889), 427; N.Y. Tribune, 21 May 1899.
|Wednesday, April 8, 1863.|
During a visit to the Army of the Potomac's headquarters, President Lincoln
"reviews . . . some sixty thousand men," representing four infantry corps.
Journalist Noah Brooks accompanies Lincoln's party, and recalls, "[I]t was a
splendid sight to witness their grand martial array as they wound over hills
and rolling ground, coming from miles around . . . The President expressed
himself as delighted with the appearance of the soldiery . . . It was
noticeable that the President merely touched his hat in return salute to the
officers, but uncovered to the men in the ranks." Noah
Brooks, Washington in Lincoln's Time
(New York: Rinehart & Company, 1958), 51-55.
Sec. Welles that Richmond papers report: 1. "'Important movements are taking
place here; but for military reasons no particulars can yet be telegraphed;'"
2. "'On yesterday morning eight Monitors and ironclads were off the bar at
Charleston. . . . May Heaven shield Charleston from all the rage of her enemies
and ours.' " Abraham Lincoln to Gideon Welles, 8
April 1863, CW, 6:165-66.
|Thursday, April 9, 1863.|
President reviews I Corps. Plans to review three more corps.
Brooks, Washington, 50; Washington Star, 10 April 1863.
Telegraphs Sec. Welles editorial from Richmond "Whig" regarding
military situation at Charleston.
Abraham Lincoln to Gideon Welles, 9 April 1863, CW, 6:166-67.
|Friday, April 10, 1863.|
Falmouth, VA, Aquia Creek, VA, and Washington, DC.
President reviews XI and XII Corps and visits Gen. Oliver O. Howard's
headquarters before leaving for Aquia Creek.
Brooks, Washington, 51; National Intelligencer, 14 April 1863; Oliver O. Howard, "Personal Recollections of Abraham Lincoln," Century Magazine 75 (1908):875.
Invites Gens. Sickles and Schurz to accompany party to Washington.
Noah Brooks, "Personal Reminiscences of Lincoln," Scribner's Monthly 15 (1877/1878):674.
Leaves Aquia Creek on board "Carrie Martin" in afternoon and arrives
home about midnight.
National Intelligencer, 11 April 1863; Washington Star, 11 April 1863.
|Saturday, April 11, 1863.|
President calls morning meeting of Secs. Welles, Seward, Chase,
Stanton , Asst. Sec. Fox, and
Gen. Halleck to discuss general military situation. Welles,
returned from Gen. Hooker's headquarters together has dinner with President at
White House. Gen. Schurz converses privately with Lincoln, who thinks Schurz
cannot "forget that he is an adopted citizen of the country."
Noah Brooks, "Personal Reminiscences of Lincoln,"
Scribner's Monthly 15 (1877/1878):674.
refuses request of Schurz to have his division separated from Army of Potomac.
Abraham Lincoln to Carl Schurz, 11
April 1863, CW, 6:168.
In evening, President Lincoln attends the Washington Theater to watch British
burlesque actress Matilda Vining Wood portray "Pocahontas." A newspaper
reports, "President Lincoln was present and laughed some." A critic once
wrote, "Mrs. Wood is one of the few artists to whom it is impossible to be
indifferent. The moment her voice is heard from the wing, the ear is attent,
and when her saucy face appears, all eyes are . . . watchful lest they miss the
comical, or impudent, or ludicrous, or mock-heroic byplay, which radiates over
her features." Evening Star (Washington, DC),
13 April 1863, 1:4, 2:1; Barnard Hewitt, "Mrs. John Wood and the Lost Art of
Burlesque Acting," Educational Theatre Journal 13, no. 2 (May
[Irwin withdraws $9 from Springfield Marine Bank,
semiannual payment of interest on scholarship at Illinois State University.
|Sunday, April 12, 1863.|
Lincoln invites Dr. Henry to White House for breakfast.
Anson G. Henry to wife, 12 April 1863, Anson G. Henry Papers, Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum, Springfield, IL.
visit Navy Dept. about noon for report on
naval action at Charleston. Between 2 and 3 P.M. Sec. Welles receives
word of Rear Adm. Du Pont's failure to capture Charleston and goes
immediately to White House with news.
Lincoln acknowledges receipt of Gen. Hooker's letter by hand of Gen.
Daniel Butterfield. Hooker proposes to cross Rappahannock and move
against enemy as soon as cavalry gets between Richmond and enemy to
block his retreat. Cavalry marches on 13th.
Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Hooker, 12 April 1863, CW, 6:169.
|Monday, April 13, 1863.|
President congratulates Frederic, Grand Duke of Baden, on marriage of
Prince William of Baden.
Abraham Lincoln to Frederic, Grand Duke of Baden, 13 April 1863, CW, 6:170-71.
Orders Rear Adm. Du Pont to hold his position inside bar near Charleston.
Abraham Lincoln to Samuel F. Du Pont, 13 April 1863, CW, 6:170.
In conversation with Sen. Sumner (Mass.), seems more hopeful for
outcome of expedition to Charleston.
Pierce, Sumner Memoir and Letters, 4:133.
|Tuesday, April 14, 1863.|
Lincoln explains to former Cong. Bouligny (La.) why promised
appointment as surveyor of Port of New Orleans was not confirmed.
Abraham Lincoln to John E. Bouligny, 14 April 1863, CW, 6:172-73.
Orders Gen. Hunter and Rear Adm. Du Pont to keep up demonstration
against Charleston "for a time."
Abraham Lincoln to David Hunter and Samuel F. Du Pont, 14 April 1863, CW, 6:173-74.
Telegraphs Gen. Hooker: "Would like to have a letter from you as soon
Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Hooker, 14 April 1863, CW, 6:173.
|Wednesday, April 15, 1863.|
Mayor Wallach (Washington) and committee from school board of
Washington confer with President on granting scholarships to service
academies to students in public schools of that city.
Washington Star, 16 April 1863.
President calls Sen. Sumner (Mass.) to White House for conference on
resolution regarding slavery that might shape English public opinion
in favor of U.S. Government.
Resolution on Slavery, [15 April 1863], CW, 6:176-77.
Sends note: "Hon. Sec. of Treasury, please give Louis [Bargdorf,
doorkeeper at White House], whom you know, an audience of a few
Abraham Lincoln to Salmon P. Chase, 15 April 1863, CW, 6:175.
Expresses uneasiness over progress of cavalry under Gen. Stoneman: "I
do not know that any better can be done, but I greatly fear it is
another failure already."
Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Hooker, 15 April 1863, CW, 6:175-76.
|Thursday, April 16, 1863.|
President cancels contract with B. Kock "for
immigration of persons of African extraction to a dependency of the Republic of
Cancelling Contract with Bernard Koch, 16 April 1863,
Johnson introduces Judge John S. Brien of Nashville to President. Andrew Johnson
to Abraham Lincoln, 17 April 1863, Abraham Lincoln
Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
John Hay writes
from Hilton Head, S.C., regarding attitude of Gen. Hunter and Rear Adm. Du Pont
toward President's order of 13th. Hay is on assignment to deliver Sec. Welles'
order of April 2, 1863. Abraham
Lincoln to David Hunter and Samuel F. Du Pont, 14 April 1863,
writes memorandum concerning patronage in St. Louis. Editor of Missouri
"Democrat" appointed postmaster. Party divides into factions. "I have stoutly
tried to keep out of the quarrel, and so mean to do." Memorandum
Concerning Patronage in St. Louis, Missouri, 16 April 1863,
|Friday, April 17, 1863.|
|Saturday, April 18, 1863.|
President authorizes Asst. Sec. Harrington to discharge duties of
secretary of treasury in absence of Sec. Chase.
Appointment of George Harrington, 18 April 1863, CW, 6:179-80.
Sec. Welles discusses with President letter he wrote to Sec. Seward
on handling mails.
Surrenders confiscated mails to President under protest.
Monaghan, Diplomat, 304.
President recognizes Johannes Schumacher as consul of Free Hanse City
of Bremen at Boston.
Washington Star, 22 April 1863.
Gen. Heintzelman, with wife and daughter, spends evening at White
House with Mrs. Lincoln who tells Mrs. Heintzelman that Charles
Heintzelman will go to West Point.
Journal, Samuel P. Heintzelman Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
|Sunday, April 19, 1863.|
En route to Aquia Creek, VA and Washington, DC.
"The President and Halleck went down to the Army very privately
yesterday leaving here before daylight, and returning the same
night." "Castine" [Noah Brooks], Washington, April 20, 1863, in
Sacramento Union, May 18, 1863. "The President and the Secretary of
War went off on a reconnaissance yesterday, I suppose to Aquia Creek,
but returned in the evening. What they did or saw has not transpired."
Nicolay to Hay, 20 April 1863, John G. Nicolay Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
|Monday, April 20, 1863.|
President promises Mrs. James E. Dunawin that application for
pardon of husband will have attention of attorney general. Abraham Lincoln to Edward Bates, 20
April 1863, CW, 6:180.
Issues proclamation admitting West Virginia into Union. Proclamation Admitting West Virginia into
the Union, 20 April 1863, CW,
6:181; Washington Star, 21 April 1863.
Delphy Carlin, of St.
Louis, sees President and asks that son be so employed as to avoid facing in
battle his brother in Confederate army. Carlin to Lincoln,
21 April 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers,
Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
President Lincoln gives a
"full and unconditional pardon" to John Cunningham, who is serving eight years
in prison after a Washington, D. C. court "convicted [him] on two indictments
for assault with intent to kill." Lincoln notes that Cunningham "was but
eighteen" when he committed the crime, and "his widowed mother is in distress
for want of his supporting care." Further, "the inspectors of the penitentiary,
the Mayor of Washington, and other citizens have petitioned me in his behalf."
Pardon of John Cunningham, 20 April 1863, The Lincoln Museum, Ft. Wayne,
|Tuesday, April 21, 1863.|
Cabinet meets. "Only some light matters came before" it.
President sends congratulations to Frederic VII, King of Denmark, on
marriage to Princess Alexandra to Prince of Wales.
Abraham Lincoln to Frederic VII, 21 April 1863, CW, 6:182-83.
Ask Secs. Seward and Welles for information to help decide practical
question of proper disposition of government mail of a neutral power
found on board vessel captured by belligerent power.
Abraham Lincoln to William H. Seward and Gideon Welles, 21 April 1863, CW, 6:183-84.
|Wednesday, April 22, 1863.|
Edward Stanly, former military governor of North Carolina,
interviews President on behalf of Gen. Foster. Memorandum Concerning John G.
Foster, 22 April 1863, CW,
[Irwin withdraws $2,000 from Springfield Marine Bank,
loan to himself. Pratt, Personal Finances, 177.]
writes to fellow Republican, Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts, on
behalf of Mary Lincoln. Lincoln explains, "Mrs. L. is embarrassed a little. She
would be pleased to have your company again this evening, at the Opera, but she
fears she may be taxing you. I have undertaken to clear up the little
difficulty. If, for any reason, it will tax you, decline, without any
hesitation; but if it will not, consider yourself already invited, and drop me
a note." Abraham Lincoln to Charles Sumner,
22 April 1863, CW, 6:185.
Answers inquiry of Gen. Rosecrans at Murfreesboro, Tenn.: "I really
can not say that I have heard any complaints of you."
Abraham Lincoln to William S.
Rosecrans, 22  April 1863, CW, 6:186.
|Thursday, April 23, 1863.|
President allegedly attends spiritualist seance in White House.
Nothing happens until Lincoln leaves. Then spirits pinch
's ears and tweak Sec. Welles' beard.
Elizabeth Lindsey, "Observance of the Lincoln Centennial," Lincoln Herald 59 (Fall 1957):14.
President commutes one, and approves another, of two sentences to
shoot soldiers for desertion.
Washington Star, 23 April 1863.
Commends former Cong. Segar (Va.) for showing interest in section of
Emancipation Proclamation pertaining to "Eastern Shore of Virginia."
Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Segar, 23 April 1863, CW, 6:186-87.
|Friday, April 24, 1863.|
|Saturday, April 25, 1863.|
Francis L. Capen, "Certified Practical Meteorologist & Expert in
Computing the Changes of the Weather," interviews Lincoln for job as
weather consultant for War Dept.
Memorandum Concerning Francis L. Capen's Weather Forecasts, 28 April 1863, CW, 6:190-91.
|Sunday, April 26, 1863.|
President at Navy Bureau of Ordnance in morning talks to Rear Adm.
Dahlgren and reads late telegrams.
Extracts from Dahlgren Diary, John G. Nicolay Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
|Monday, April 27, 1863.|
Gov. Thomas Carney (Kans.) sees President, requests removal of Col.
James M. Williams, and complains of interference by Gen. James G.
Blunt in election at Leavenworth, Kans.
Abraham Lincoln to James H. Lane, 27 April 1863, CW, 6:188.
Sec. Welles delivers his letter on subject of captured mails to President.
At 3:30 P.M. Lincoln telegraphs Gen. Hooker: "How does it look now?"
Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Hooker, 27 April 1863, CW, 6:188.
|Tuesday, April 28, 1863.|
President reassures Gov. Curtin (Pa.): "I do not think the
people of Pennsylvania should be uneasy about an invasion." Abraham Lincoln to Andrew G.
Curtin, 28 April 1863, CW,
Cabinet meets. President engaged in selecting provost
marshals. Welles, Diary.
annotates a letter from Francis Capen, who claims to be a "Certified Practical
Meteorologist—& Expert in Computing the Changes of the Weather."
Capen assures that his weather-forecasting talent will benefit the War
Department. Lincoln writes, "It seems . . . Mr. Capen knows nothing about the
weather, in advance. He told me three days ago that it would not rain again
till the 30th. of April or 1st. of May. It is raining now & has been for
ten hours. I can not spare any more time to Mr. Capen."
Francis L. Capen to Abraham Lincoln, 25 April 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC;
Memorandum Concerning Francis L. Capen's
Weather Forecasts, 28 April 1863, CW, 6:190-91.
Navy Ordnance Bureau to settle claim of Horatio Ames of Connecticut regarding
contract for big guns. Bruce, Tools of War, 236-37.
|Wednesday, April 29, 1863.|
President requests former Gov. Newell (N.J.) to adjust trouble
about provost marshal or come to Washington. Abraham Lincoln to William A.
Newell, 29 April 1863, CW,
President Lincoln writes to the commanding officer at Fort
Randall, Dakota Territory, and requests consideration for John B. S. Todd, who
is related to Lincoln's wife, Mary. After recently completing a term as
delegate in Congress, Todd prepares to return to the Dakota Territory. Lincoln
directs, "[G]ive him & his family such protection as you properly can in
the event it becomes necessary. You will also afford them such facilities for
crossing & recrossing the river there as are usually employed."
Abraham Lincoln to Commanding Officer at Fort Randall, Dakota Territory,
29 April 1863, Inserted in John Fiske, The Presidents of America, Massachusetts
Historical Society, Boston, MA.
|Thursday, April 30, 1863.|
Lincoln is notified that he has been made life
member of Chicago Young Men's Christian Association, someone having contributed
$100 on his behalf. Jacobs to Lincoln, 30 April 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington,
Writes Gen. Hunter to restore Capt. David Schaadt, Co. D,
176th Pennsylvania Regiment, if there is no evidence but his refusal to
sanction resolution endorsing Emancipation Proclamation. Abraham
Lincoln to David Hunter, 30 April 1863, CW, 6:191-92.