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31 entries found


Browse Month

President sets forth duties of Gen. Schofield in command in Missouri: 1. Advance efficiency of military establishment. 2. Arrest individuals and suppress newspapers when they are working injury to military. 3. Remove inhabitants en masse at own discretion. 4. Do not engage in returning fugitive slaves nor in enticing slaves from their homes. 5. Allow no one to enlist Negro troops except upon orders. 6. Allow no one to confiscate property except upon orders. 7. Allow only those qualified under Missouri laws to vote. 8. So far as practicable, expel guerrillas, marauders, and murderers. Abraham Lincoln to John M. Schofield, 1 October 1863, CW, 6:492-93.

President's nephew, John Todd Grimsley, fails to meet entrance requirements at Naval Academy. Washington Chronicle, 2 October 1863.

Sen. Sherman (Ohio) and Judge David K. Cartter visit Lincoln in support of delegation from Missouri and Kansas. Butler, Correspondence, 3:116.

Lincoln writes Gov. Bradford (Md.): "Please be here in person at 12. M. Saturday to fix up definitely in writing" the matter about slaves of loyal Marylanders being enlisted along with other Negroes. Abraham Lincoln to Augustus W. Bradford, 1 October 1863, CW, 6:491.

Advises Sec. Usher: "I suppose [Newton] Edmunds [chief clerk in surveyor general's office for Dakota Territory] better be appointed Governor of Dakota." Abraham Lincoln to John P. Usher, 1 October 1863, CW, 6:494-95.



Browse Month

Lincoln writes Gen. Schofield at St. Louis: "I have just seen your despatch to Gen. Halleck about Gen. Blunt. If possible, you better allow me to get through with a certain matter here, before adding to the difficulty of it. Meantime telegraph me the particulars of Gen. Blunt's case." Abraham Lincoln to John M. Schofield, 2 October 1863, CW, 6:495.



Browse Month

President by proclamation sets last Thursday of November as day of thanksgiving. Proclamation of Thanksgiving, 3 October 1863, CW, 6:496-97; Washington Chronicle, 4 October 1863.

Confers with Sec. Welles on proposed instructions for naval officers. Welles, Diary.

Interviews Gov. Bradford (Md.) regarding enlistment of slaves of loyal Marylanders along with other Negroes. Bradford to Lincoln, 1 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Requests Gen. William Birney at Baltimore: "Please give me, as near as you can, the number of slaves you have recruited in Maryland. Of course, the number is not to include the free colored." Abraham Lincoln to William Birney, 3 October 1863, CW, 6:495.



Browse Month

Lincoln predicts outcome of rebellion to Gen. Rosecrans: "If we can hold Chattanooga, and East Tennessee, I think the rebellion must dwindle and die. I think you and Burnside can do this; and hence doing so is your main object." Abraham Lincoln to William S. Rosecrans, 4 October 1863, CW, 6:498.



Browse Month

President, in answer to petition of delegation from Missouri and Kansas, declines to remove Gen. Schofield. Abraham Lincoln to Charles D. Drake and Others, 5 October 1863, CW, 6:499-504.

Receives September salary warrant for $2,022.33. Pratt, Personal Finances, 183.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

President recognizes Niels P. Petersen as vice consul of Denmark for Illinois. Washington Chronicle, 9 October 1863.

In the evening, Lincoln attends a performance of Shakespeare's "Othello" on stage at Grover's Theater, located on Pennsylvania Avenue, "near Willards' Hotel" with his family and Private Secretary William O. Stoddard. The following day, the Grover's newspaper ad boasts, "THE GRAND REOPENING A GREAT SUCCESS. TREMENDOUS RUSH. OVER TWO THOUSAND PEOPLE UNABLE TO GAIN ADMISSION. THE PRESIDENT, THE SECRETARY OF STATE [William H. Seward], AND THEIR FAMILIES PRESENT." A newspaper reports, "The President had intended to remain only an hour, but was so pleased with the play that he stayed it out." Evening Star (Washington, DC), 6 October 1863, 1:3; 7 October 1863, 2:6; Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 7 October 1863, 2d ed., 2:1; New York Herald, 9 October 1863, 7:2.

[W. H. Herndon deposits $213, possibly payment on Joseph Smith note, in Lincoln's account in Springfield Marine Bank. Pratt, Personal Finances, 165.]



Browse Month

President interviews P. Anthony Dey, engineer heading party surveying for western railroad, regarding military escort. Blair to Lincoln, 7 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Inquires of Gov. Johnson (Tenn.): "What news have you from Rosecrans' Army, or in that direction beyond Nashville?" Abraham Lincoln to Andrew Johnson, 7 October 1863, CW, 6:505.



Browse Month

President suspends three executions. Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade, 8 October 1863, CW, 6:506; Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade, 8 October 1863, CW, 6:506; Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade, 8 October 1863, CW, 6:506.

Recognizes José Francisco Sanchez as consul of Venezuela at New York. Washington Chronicle, 10 October 1863.



Browse Month

Mrs. Galez calls and asks that Frederick Wippermann, consul at Galatza, be transferred to Hamburg. Abraham Lincoln to William H. Seward, 9 October 1863, CW, 6:507.

Sec. Chase confers with President regarding reconstruction in Louisiana and urges that Gen. Butler be sent back to New Orleans. Butler, Correspondence, 3:120.

At 1:30 P.M. President receives invitation to attend celebration of Grand United Order of Odd Fellows in America at Israel Church on Capitol Hill. Committee to Lincoln, 8 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Sends note to Sec. Stanton that Mrs. Thomas G. Clemsin, daughter of John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, asks permission to visit her son in prison at Johnson's Island, Ohio. "With your approbation, I consent for her to go." Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 9 October 1863, CW, 6:507-8.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

In morning at Soldiers' Home, President speaks to soldier who requests discharge for lumbago. In afternoon, President publishes request in newspaper for unnamed soldier to see him again. Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 10 October 1863, 2d ed., 2:1.

President receives Lord Lyons, Rear Admiral Alexander Milne, and two other officers of British navy, escorted by Secretary of State Seward. Washington Chronicle, 12 October 1863.

General Meade reports there are reasons to believe enemy is moving into Shenandoah Valley. Lincoln telegraphs: "Am interested with your despatch of noon. How is it now?" Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade, 10 October 1863, CW, 6:509.



Browse Month

At 9:50 A.M. Lincoln telegraphs Gen. Meade again: "How is it now?" Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade, 11 October 1863, CW, 6:509.

Sec. Seward accompanies Miss Charlotte Cushman, actress who appeared frequently for benefit of U.S. Sanitary Commission, to White House for evening call on President. Seward to Lincoln, 11 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

Lincoln telegraphs Gen. Meade at 9 A.M.: "What news this morning? A despatch from Rosecrans, leaving him at 7/30 PM. yesterday, says 'Rebel rumors that head of Ewells column reached Dalton yesterday' I send this for what it is worth." Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade, 12 October 1863, CW, 6:510.

Describes military situation to Gen. Rosecrans at Chattanooga: "You and Burnside now have him [enemy] by the throat, and he must break your hold, or perish." Abraham Lincoln to William S. Rosecrans, 12 October 1863, CW, 6:510-11.

Interviews Mrs. Bowers of New Jersey, who has note of introduction from Secretary of the Navy Welles. Welles to Lincoln, 12 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Lincoln writes to Mrs. Alice C. Smith, of Boston, Massachusetts. He notes, "I shall have to acknowledge very briefly your letter informing me of the prosperity of your little boy whom you so kindly named after me. You may rest assured that my little namesake has my best wishes that he may grow to be a good man and a good citizen." Abraham Lincoln to Mrs. Alice C. Smith, 12 October 1863, CW, 6:511.

In evening, plans to attend performance of "Macbeth" at Grover's Theatre. Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 12 October 1863, 2:1.



Browse Month

At noon cabinet meeting President reads dispatch from Gen. Meade stating that, if not attacked by Gen. R. E. Lee, he will attack Lee. Welles, Diary.

President informs I. W. McVeagh: "We have frequent despatches from Gen. Meade, and up to ten o'clock last night, nothing had happened giving either side any marked advantage." Abraham Lincoln to I. Wayne McVeagh, 13 October 1863, CW, 6:512.

Replies to inquiry of Cong. Moorhead (Pa.) regarding publication of military dispatches by saying: "Not unless you think it necessary." Abraham Lincoln to James K. Moorhead, 13 October 1863, CW, 6:512.



Browse Month

President telegraphs Gov. Curtin (Pa.) regarding election returns: "How does it stand." Abraham Lincoln to Andrew G. Curtin, [14 October] 186[3], CW, 6:513.

Sec. Welles at White House congratulates President on election results in Pennsylvania and Ohio. Welles, Diary.

President recognizes Esteban Roberts as consul of Republic of Chile at New York. Washington Chronicle, 16 October 1863.

Exchanges cordial letters with Thurlow Weed: "I am sure if we could meet we would not part with any unpleasant impression on either side." Abraham Lincoln to Thurlow Weed, 14 October 1863, CW, 6:513-14.



Browse Month

President discusses political situation while visiting telegraph office and makes tabulation to show presidential election will be close. William B. Hesseltine, Lincoln and the War Governors (New York: Knopf, 1948), 351.

Postpones execution of Dr. David M. Wright to October 23. "This is intended for his preparation and is final." Abraham Lincoln to John G. Foster, 15 October 1863, CW, 6:514.

Issues pass: "Allow Mrs. Robert S. Todd [step-mother of Mrs. Lincoln], widow, to go south and bring her daughter, Mrs. Genl B. Hardin Helm, with her children, North to Kentucky." Abraham Lincoln to Lyman B. Todd, 15 October 1863, CW, 6:517.

[Irwin withdraws $9 from Springfield Marine Bank, semiannual payment of interest on scholarship at Illinois State University. Pratt, Personal Finances, 177.]

Lincoln writes an order to Sec. Stanton : "This lady, Abigail C. Berea, had a husband and three sons in the war, and has been a nurse herself, without pay"; and asks to have her youngest son discharged because of poor health. "Let it be done." Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 15 October 1863, CW, 6:516.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

Mrs. Elizabeth J. Platt of New Jersey calls and asks for son's discharge. [Lincoln orders it five days later.] Abraham Lincoln to Edwin M. Stanton, 16 October 1863, CW, 6:520.

At cabinet meeting President reads his answer to petition from Missouri and Kansas delegation. Bates, Diary.

Also reads to cabinet confidential dispatch to Gen. Meade urging him to fight Gen. R. E. Lee. Welles, Diary.

Writes Gen. Halleck: "If Gen. Meade can now attack him [Lee] on a field no worse than equal for us, and will do so with all the skill and courage, which he, his officers and men possess, the honor will be his if he succeeds, and the blame may be mine if he fails." Abraham Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, 16 October 1863, CW, 6:518-19.

On behalf of Mrs. Elizabeth E. Hutter, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Lincoln writes a letter of introduction to Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs. Lincoln explains, "Please see Mrs. Hutter, who has given most of her time to the soldiers, during the war, and who wishes to present an invention of hers for the soldier's comfort, which she would like to have introduced into the service . . . I certainly would prefer having it over my ears in cold weather, to their being naked." Abraham Lincoln to Montgomery C. Meigs, 16 October 1863, CW, 6:519.

Writes T. W. Sweney: "Tad is teasing me to have you forward his pistol to him." Abraham Lincoln to Thomas W. Sweney, 16 October 1863, CW, 6:520-21.

Receives from Capt. Diller a further report on gunpowder. Abraham Lincoln to Gideon Welles, 16 October 1863, CW, 6:521.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

President confers with former Cong. Stanton (Tenn.) and Henry T. Hulbert of Tennessee regarding taxes due city of Memphis, Tenn. Hulbert to Lincoln, 19 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Issues proclamation calling for 300,000 volunteers. Proclamation Calling for 300,000 Volunteers, 17 October 1863, CW, 6:523-24.

Recognizes G. H. Garlichs as consul of Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach for Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee. Washington Chronicle, 20 October 1863.

Declines offer of William B. Thomas, manufacturer and abolitionist of Philadelphia, to supply 10,000 men for 60 or 90 days to protect Washington. Abraham Lincoln to William B. Thomas, 17 October 1863, CW, 6:525.

Answers plea of John Williams and Nathaniel G. Taylor of Knoxville against withdrawal of U.S. forces from upper East Tennessee. "You do not estimate the holding of East Tennessee more highly than I do. There is no absolute purpose of withdrawing our forces from it; and only a contingent one to withdraw them temporarily, for the purpose of not losing the position permanently." Abraham Lincoln to John Williams and Nathaniel G. Taylor, 17 October 1863, CW, 6:525.

In the evening, President Lincoln, his wife Mary, their son Tad, and Lincoln's secretary William O. Stoddard attend a benefit performance of William Shakespeare's play, "Macbeth." Theater owner Leonard Grover stages the play which stars James Wallack as Macbeth, Charlotte Cushman as Lady Macbeth, and Edward Davenport as Macduff. A newspaper reports that the Lincoln party "occupied the lower stage boxes to the right." The benefit garners $2,018 for the U.S. Sanitary Commission, whose members tend to the needs of the soldiers. The newspaper adds, "Mr. Grover. . . gave the use of the entire resources of his establishment for this benefit, (including the services of two stars at his own expense,) and Miss Cushman generously contributed her valuable aid to the same object." Evening Star (Washington, D. C.), 17 October 1863, 1:4, 3:1; 19 October 1863, 2:2; Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 19 October 1863, 2d ed., 2:1.



Browse Month

Lincoln interviews Henry Tanner of Buffalo, N.Y., who seeks appointment for son. Tanner to Lincoln, 19 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Receives report of John Hay on conference with former Gov. Dennison (Ohio) concerning tendency of public opinion in West. Hay, Letters and Diary.



Browse Month

President informs John Hay that Gen. Rosecrans will be removed and Gen. Thomas will replace him. Hay, Letters and Diary.

Gen. Milroy at White House for morning conference with President. Washington Star, 19 October 1863.

[Irwin deposits in Springfield Marine Bank $25, payment on J. K. and Thomas Lewis note. Pratt, Personal Finances, 165.]

President answers demand of Gov. Gamble (Mo.) that U.S. forces maintain integrity of state government, by pointing out that domestic violence apprehended by governor is not imminent and that Gen. Schofield is instructed to suppress such violence. Abraham Lincoln to Hamilton R. Gamble, 19 October 1863, CW, 6:526-28.



Browse Month

President meets with Major General Daniel E. Sickles, probably regarding estate known as Panoche Grande, Calif., of which Sickles is part owner. Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 20 October 1863, 2d ed., 2:4; Abraham Lincoln to Daniel E. Sickles, 22 August 1863, CW, 6:402.

Cabinet meets. Welles, Diary.

President confers with Thomas C. Durant, New York promoter of Union Pacific Railroad, about surveying plans. Durant to Lincoln, 17 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Approves in letter to W. S. Rowland idea of creating National Rifle Corps. Hay, Letters and Diary.

Remarks to Atty. Gen. Bates: "I have no friend in Missouri." Bates to Lincoln, 22 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.



Browse Month

Delegation from St. Mary's County, Md., protests to President against disturbance caused by Negro troops stationed on Patuxent River. Lincoln replies that he thinks he will order withdrawal of troops. He further thinks that Negroes may be recruited in Maryland by consent of masters. Reply to Maryland Slaveholders, 21 October 1863, CW, 6:529-30.

Inquires of Gen. Schenck: "A delegation is here saying that our armed colored troops are at many if not all the landings on the Patuxent river, and by their presence, with arms in their hands, are frightening quiet people, and producing great confusion. Have they been sent there by any order? and if so, for what reason?" Abraham Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 21 October 1863, CW, 6:530.



Browse Month

President addresses members of New School Presbyterian Synod during their visit to White House. Remarks to New School Presbyterians, 22 October 1863, CW, 6:531-32; Washington Star, 22 October 1863.

Comments on speech delivered by Postmaster Gen. Blair at Rockville, Md. Hay, Letters and Diary.

Confers with Sen. Reverdy Johnson (Md.) and Gov. Bradford (Md.) on matters of suffrage. Bradford to Lincoln, 31 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Sends for Gen. Schenck: "Please come over here. The fact of one of our officers being killed on the Patuxent, is a specimen of what I would avoid. It seems to me we could send white men to recruit better than to send negroes, and thus inaugerate [sic] homicides on punctillio." Abraham Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 22 October 1863, CW, 6:532.



Browse Month

10 A.M. President consults with Gen. Schenck about recruiting Negroes in Maryland and murder by John H. Sothoron and son, secessionists, of Lt. Eben White, recruiting officer, at Benedict, Md. Schenck to Lincoln, 22 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Abraham Lincoln to Robert C. Schenck, 21 October 1863, CW, 6:530.

"Only a portion of the Cabinet present and but little done. The Missouri difficulty discussed." Welles, Diary.

President converses with John R. Briggs, Jr., assistant clerk of House of Representatives, regarding election results. Briggs to Lincoln, 24 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.



Browse Month

President acknowledges receipt of medal from Union League of Philadelphia, by which he becomes an honorary member. Abraham Lincoln to George H. Boker, 24 October 1863, CW, 6:533-34.

Suggests to Gen. Halleck that Army of Potomac "with all possible expedition" get ready to attack Gen. R. E. Lee. Abraham Lincoln to Henry W. Halleck, 24 October 1863, CW, 6:534-35.

At 2 P.M. in White House replies to address by moderator of Baltimore Presbyterian Synod. Remarks to Baltimore Presbyterian Synod: Two Versions, 24 October 1863, CW, 6:535-36; Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 24 October 1863, 2d ed., 2:5-6.

About 3 P.M. visits Government Printing Office, North Capitol and H Sts. NW., on invitation of Supt. John D. Defrees, and speaks briefly to employees. Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 26 October 1863, 2d ed., 3:1; Washington Chronicle, 25 October 1863.

Confers with Sec. Chase about appointment of former Gov. Israel Washburn, Jr., (Maine) to collectorship at Portland, Maine. Chase to Lincoln, 24 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Comments on difference of outlook in dispatches from Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas. Hay, Letters and Diary.



Browse Month

In afternoon President discusses with Gen. Alfred H. Terry and Col. Joseph R. Hawley proposals for attacking Charleston. Hay, Letters and Diary.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

Lincoln gives original draft of Emancipation Proclamation to ladies having charge of Northwestern Fair for Sanitary Commission in Chicago. Abraham Lincoln to Ladies in Charge of Northwestern Fair, 26 October 1863, CW, 6:539-40.

Lincoln writes to Congressman Elihu B. Washburne, of Galena, Illinois. Washburne urged Lincoln "to let some of your confidential friends know your wishes and feelings" about running for re-election. Washburne informed Lincoln that their mutual friend Thompson Campbell, a California state legislator, supports Lincoln's candidacy. Lincoln responds, "Thanks to both you and . . . Campbell, for your kind words and intentions. A second term would be a great honor and a great labor, which together, perhaps I would not decline, if tendered." Elihu B. Washburne to Abraham Lincoln, 12 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Abraham Lincoln to Elihu B. Washburne, 26 October 1863, CW, 6:540-41.

Postmaster Gen. Blair delivers to Lincoln letter containing charges against Alexander Montgomery. Montgomery to Blair, 24 October 1863, Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Lincoln writes Sec. Chase: "The writer of the accompanying letter is one of Mrs. L[incoln]'s numerous cousins. . . . I know not a thing about his loyalty beyond what he says. Supposing he is loyal, can any of his requests be granted?" Abraham Lincoln to Salmon P. Chase, 26 October 1863, CW, 6:537-38.

Approves courtmartial proceedings in case of Capt. James M. Cutts, Jr., brother of late Sen. Douglas' (Ill.) second wife, and remits sentence. Writes reprimand [that may have been delivered in personal interview]: "You have too much of life yet before you, and have shown too much of promise as an officer, for your future to be lightly surrendered. . . . No man resolved to make the most of himself, can spare time for personal contention." Abraham Lincoln to James M. Cutts, Jr., 26 October 1863, CW, 6:538-39.

[See July 18, 1863.]



Browse Month

Lincoln's opinion, based apparently upon "Review of the Judge Advocate General of the Record of the Court of Inquiry Relative to the Evacuation of Winchester by the command of Maj. Gen. R. H. Milroy," is that no courtmartial "is deemed necessary or proper in the case." Opinion on the Loss of Robert H. Milroy's Division, [27 October 1863], CW, 6:541-42.



Browse Month

Revised Entry

President telegraphs Gov. Johnson (Tenn.): "If not too inconvenient, please come at once, and have a personal consultation with me." Abraham Lincoln to Andrew Johnson, 28 October 1863, CW, 6:543.

Lincoln writes to commander of the Department of the Missouri General John M. Schofield and asks him to investigate claims "that the Federal and State authorities are arming the disloyal, and disarming the loyal." Lincoln reviewed "three communications . . . and . . . a large number of affidavits . . . [that] show by name, forty two persons, as disloyal, who have been armed." Lincoln finds no evidence to substantiate the claims. He asks Schofield "to give special attention to this region, particularly on election day. Prevent violence from whatever quarter; and see that the soldiers themselves, do no wrong." Abraham Lincoln to John M. Schofield, 28 October 1863, CW, 6:543-45.



Browse Month

President replies to speech made by Matias Romero as envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of Mexico. Reply to Matias Romero, 29 October 1863, CW, 6:548-49; Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 30 October 1863, 2d ed., 2:1.

Contributes to efforts of former Cong. Etheridge (Tenn.) to retain job as clerk of House of Representatives. Hay, Letters and Diary.

Writes Sen. Grimes (Iowa) and Vice President Hamlin regarding act approved March 3, 1863, likely to affect credentials of Representatives from their States. Abraham Lincoln to James W. Grimes, 29 October 1863, CW, 6:546-47; Abraham Lincoln to Hannibal Hamlin, 29 October 1863, CW, 6:547-48.



Browse Month

Lincoln interviews George I. Bergen, former resident of Springfield, Ill., and directs him to Gen. Stoneman. Abraham Lincoln to George Stoneman, 30 October 1863, CW, 6:551.

President and Mrs. Lincoln visit Ford's Theatre on occasion of Maggie Mitchell's farewell performance of "Fanchon, the Cricket." Daily National Republican (Washington, DC), 31 October 1863, 2d ed., 2:2; Washington Star, 31 October 1863.



Browse Month

President continues to notify congressmen-elect of provisions relating to credentials in act approved March 3, 1863. Abraham Lincoln to William Sprague, 31 October 1863, CW, 6:552-53.